Module 1 define terms

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The suffix in each word tells you about the type of procedure, for example -tomy is making an incision, while -stomy is the actual hole that results from the incision. Also notice that most of the words (except appendectomy) have “o” in the middle as a combining form because the suffix starts with a consonant. A -tome is a thing that makes the -tomy, or incision, so it must be a surgical cutting tool of some kind, like an oste/o/tome…in this case “osteo: and “tome” are both word roots, connected with a combining form, the “o”. Define the following surgical procedures in your own words:

1.

append/

ectomy

2.

arthr/o/

centesis

3.

lith/o/

tripsy

4.

rhin/o/

plasty

5.

arthr/o/

desis

6.

thromb/o/

lysis

7.

mast/o/

pexy

8.

trache/o/

stomy

9.

trache/o/

tomy

10. Build a medical procedure term using word parts and the definition.

Prefixes tell you how many, how big (or small), relative location (above, below, next to) or when. Define the following in your own words:

11.

hyper

/tension

12.

hemi

/plegia

13.

epi

/derm/al

14.

post

/nat/al

15.

inter

/cost/al

16.

poly

/cyst/itis

17. Using the medical terms for above and below, provide one medical term and its definition utilizing them.

Word roots tell you what the suffix and the prefix are acting on, what the word is about. Again, notice how two word roots can be combined using a combining form, even if one or both of the word roots start with a vowel. Define the following in your own words:

18.

cerebr

/al

19.

gastr

/o/

intestin

-al

20.

cyto

/

logist

21.

pre/

ren

/al

22.

par/

enter

/al

23.

oophor

/ectomy

A combining form is the combination of a root with a combining vowel. Example: ARTHR/O “ARTHR” is the root, and the “O” is the combining vowel. “O” is the most frequently used combining vowel. Using two different combining forms, provide two medical terms with their definition.
This is a Medical Terminology class

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