Application Case 12-1 Benefits Are Vanishing Ray Brice Expected To Retire From United Airlines (UAL) And Receive A $1,200-A-Month Pension. Suddenly Hope Ran Out For Ray Brice And 35,000 Othe

Application Case 12-1

Benefits Are Vanishing

Ray Brice expected to retire from United Airlines (UAL) and receive a $1,200-a-month pension. Suddenly hope ran out for Ray Brice and 35,000 other UAL retirees. The government Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp (PBGC) announced it would not guarantee the
bankrupt airline’s loans–virtually assuring that if the airline’s parent company is to remain in business it will have to chop away at expensive pension and retiree medical benefits. The numbers are daunting. UAL owes $598 million in pension payments in the next six months and a total of $4.1 billion by the end of 2008, plus an additional $1 billion for retiree health care benefits, obligations the ailing airline can’t begin to meet. And if United finds a way to get out of its promises, competitors American Airlines (AMR), Delta Air Lines (DAL),

and Northwest Airlines (NWAC) are sure to try to as well. UAL workers are about to find out what other airline employees already know: The cost of broken retirement promises can be steep. Of the airline’s many crises, the biggest was

the pilots’ pension plan, a sinkhole of unfunded liabilities.

Why are retirees being left out in the cold? An unsavory brew of factors has come

together to put stress on the retirement system like never before. First, there’s the simple fact that Americans are living longer in retirement, and that costs more. Next come internal corporate issues, including soaring health care costs and long-term underfunding of pension promises. Perhaps most important, in the global economy, long-established U.S. companies are competing against younger rivals here and abroad that pay little or nothing toward their workers’ retirement, giving the older companies a huge incentive to dump
their plans. œThe house isn’t burning now, but we will have a crisis soon if some of these

issues aren’t fixed, says Steven A. Kandarian, who ended a two-year stint as the executive director of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp. (the little known federal agency that insures private pensions) in February. Kandarian is not optimistic about how that crisis might play out, either. œBy that time it will be too late to save the system. Then you just play triage.

As industry after industry and company after company strive to limit, or eliminate, their so-called legacy costs, a historic shift is taking place. No one voted on it and Congress never debated the issue, but with little fanfare we have entered into a vast reorganization of our retirement system, from employer funded to employee and government funded, a sort of stealth nationalization of retirement. As the burden moves from companies to individuals-who have traditionally been notoriously poor planners-it becomes near certain that in the end, a bigger portion will fall on the shoulders of taxpayers. œWhere the vacuum develops, the government is forced to step in, says Sylvester J. Schieber, a vicepresident at benefit-consulting firm Watson Wyatt Worldwide. œIf we think we can walk away from these obligations scot-free, that’s just a dream.

Evidence of the shift is everywhere. Traditional pensions-so-called defined-benefit

plans-and retiree health insurance were once all but universal at large companies. Today experts can think of no major company that has instituted guaranteed pensions in the past decade. None of the companies that have become household names in recent times have them: not Microsoft, not Wal-Mart Stores, not Southwest Airlines. In 1999, IBM, which has old-style benefits and contributed almost $4 billion to shore up its pension plans in 2002, did a study of its competitors and found 75 percent did not offer a pension plan and
fewer still paid for retiree health care.

Instead, companies are much more likely to offer defined-contribution plans, such as 401(k)s, to which they contribute a set amount. In 1977, there were 14.6 million people with defined-contribution benefits; today there are an estimated 62.5 million. Part of their appeal has been that a more mobile workforce can take their benefits with them as they

hop from job to job. But just as important, they cost less for employers. Donald E. Fuerst, a retirement actuary at Mercer Human Resource Consulting LLC, notes that while even a well-matched 401(k) often costs no more than 3 percent of payroll, a typical defined-benefit plan can cost 5 percent to 6 percent of payroll.

Despite the stampede to defined-contribution plans, there are still 44 million Americans covered by old-fashioned pensions that promise a set payout at retirement. All told, they’re owed more than $1 trillion by 30,000 different companies. Many of those employers have also promised tens of billions of dollars more in health care coverage for retirees. Even

transferring a small part of the burden to individuals or the government can have a profound impact on the corporate bottom line. The decision by Congress to have Medicare cover the cost of prescription drugs, for example, will lighten corporate retiree health care obligations by billions of dollars. Equipment maker Deere & Co. estimates that the move will shave $300 million to $400 million off its future health care liabilities starting this year.

The U.S. Treasury, on the other hand, pays and pays dearly. That drug benefit, which took effect in 2006, is expected to cost the government the equivalent of 1 percent of gross domestic product by 2010, and other potentially big taxpayer costs are looming, too. In mid-April, over the objections of the PBGC, Congress granted a two-year reprieve from catch-up pension contributions for two of the most troubled industries: airlines and steel. Congress also lowered the interest rate all companies use to calculate long-term obligations, lowering pension liabilities. While these moves lighten the corporate burden, they increase the chances taxpayers will have to step in. œThe less funding required, the more risk that’s shifting to the government, says Peter R. Orszag, a pension expert and senior fellow in economic studies at the Brookings Institution. œThe question is: How comfortable are we with the risk of failure?
Company-sponsored health care, which generally covers retirees not yet eligible for Medicare and supplements what Medicare will pay, is likely to disappear even faster than company pensions. Subject to fewer federal regulations, those benefits are easier to rescind and companies are fast doing so. It’s much harder to renege on pension promises. So instead, many profitable companies are simply freezing plans and denying the benefits to new employees. Last fall, Aon Consulting (AON) found that 150 of the 1,000 companies they surveyed had frozen their pension plans in the previous two years, a dramatic increase from earlier years. Another 60 companies said they were actively considering following suit.

The government bailout fund is $9.7 billion in the red, and Social Security and personal savings are hardly going to be enough .

The cost of honoring PBGC’s commitments could be higher than anyone is expecting. The government bailout fund has relied on having enough healthy companies to pony up premiums to cover plans that fail. But in a scenario of rising plan terminations, healthy companies with strong plans still in the PBGC system would be asked to pay more. For corporations already fretting that pensions have become a competitive liability and a turnoff to investors, this could be the tipping point. Faced with higher insurance costs, they could opt out, rapidly accelerating the system’s decline as the remaining healthy participants become overwhelmed by the needy. In the end, the problem would land with Congress, which could be forced to undertake a savings-and-loan-type bailout. It’s almost too painful to think about, and so no one does. But when the bill comes due, it will almost certainly be addressed to taxpayers. Most worrisome is the record number of pension plans in danger of going under. According to the PBGC, as of September 2003, there was at least $86 billion in pension obligations promised by companies deemed financially weak. That’s up from $35 billion the year before. And it’s on top of a record number of companies that managed to dump their troubled pension plans on the PBGC: 152. In 2003, a record 206,000 people became PBGC pensioners, including 95,000 from its biggest takeover ever, Bethlehem Steel

Corp. Companies are racing to cut or drop retiree medical benefits to give a quick boost to their bottom lines. Retiree health care coverage, which is easier to eliminate than pensions, is disappearing even faster. Unlike pensions, which are accrued and funded over time, retiree health care is paid for out of current cash accounts, so any cuts immediately bolster the bottom line. Estimates are that as many as half of the companies offering retiree health care 10

years ago have now dropped the benefit entirely. Many of those that have not yet slammed the door are requiring their former workers to bear more of the cost. Some 22 percent of the retirees who still get such benefits are now required to pay the insurance premiums themselves, according to a study by Hewitt Associates Inc. (HEW). Some 20 percent of employers told Hewitt that they might make retirees pay within the next three years. This hits hardest those who retire before 65 and are not yet eligible for Medicare. But even older retirees suffer when they lose supplemental health benefits like prescription coverage. It’s not just struggling companies, either. IBM, which is already fighting with retirees

in court over changes made to its pension plan in the 1990s, is now getting an earful from angry retirees about health care costs. In 1999, IBM capped how much retiree health care it would pay per year at $7,500 of each employee’s annual medical-insurance costs. Although IBM is certainly in no financial distress-the company earned $7.6 billion on $89 billion in sales last year-Big Blue says its medical costs have been rising faster than revenue.

Last year the company says it spent $335 million on retiree health care. This year, for the first time, many IBM retirees are beginning to hit the $7,500 limit.

Sandy Anderson, who worked as a manager at IBM’s semiconductor business for 32 years, and today is the acting president of a group of 2,000 retirees called Benefits Restoration
Inc., saw his own insurance bill triple this year. He suspects that the company is trying to make the perk so expensive that retirees drop it, a cumulative savings calculated by the group at $100,000 per dropout.

But more than that, Anderson is angry that as a manager, IBM encouraged him to talk to his staff about retirement benefits as part of their overall compensation. œThe job market was tight, and IBM’s message was our salaries aren’t the highest, but we will take care of you when you stop working, he says. Now he feels the company is reneging. œI feel I’ve misled a lot of people, that I’ve lied to people, says Anderson. œIt does not sit well with me at all. IBM says its opt-out levels are low and that it often sees retirees return to the plan after opting out for a period of time. The company also argues that it has not changed its approach to retiree medical benefits for more than a decade and that the rising cost of health care is the real issue.

Discussion Questions

1. Is it ethical for a company to promise benefits and then years later walk away from the

promise? Discuss.

2. Should the government pay for all pension guarantees?

3. Why is retiree health care coverage easier to eliminate than pension benefits?

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I Need Help With A Report That Includes: A Short Introduction To The Case Study

I need help with a report that includes: A short introduction to the case study (http://www.paramecium.org/~leendert/publications/nluug1992.pdf) A set of five questions designed by you, highlighting the key points discussed in the case study Answers to the questions you designed, identifying the key points of your interest for this particular case Create the report in a Microsoft Word document. Your report should be 750-1,000 words long and should include references and links to relevant Web sites so the students may learn more about the advancements in the domain of computer security.

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Netiquette In E-Mail Communication Read The Following E-Mail Sent In A Business Environment

Everyone Why does everything have to be sent overnight? No one uses regular mail. Shipping costs are sky high, and I’m wondering why you think that everything needs to be sent by overnight mail. Do they really need the stuff that quick? If you would just plan a little more carefully, instead of waiting to the last minute, I’m sure we could save some money! Sending an e-mail is even cheaper and you are not the one paying the bill. Have any of you thought of using the receiver’s FedEx number? If someone really wants to receive a letter or package fast, let him pay for it. THAT COULD SAVE US A BUNDLE! Based upon the readings for this topic, what netiquette rules were broken in this e-mail? Rewrite the e-mail following proper netiquette rules and post it for review by your peers. Why do you think your rewritten e-mail is now “netiquette-safe”? Review and critique the postings of your peers. Tell them specifically how their e-mails have improved or how they could be edited to be even better.

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Exercise 29
Calculating Simple Linear Regression
Simple linear regression is a procedure that provides an estimate of the value of a dependent variable (outcome) based on the value of an independent variable (predictor). Knowing that estimate with some degree of accuracy, we can use regression analysis to predict the value of one variable if we know the value of the other variable (Cohen & Cohen, 1983). The regression equation is a mathematical expression of the influence that a predictor has on a dependent variable, based on some theoretical framework. For example, in Exercise 14, Figure 14-1 illustrates the linear relationship between gestational age and birth weight. As shown in the scatterplot, there is a strong positive relationship between the two variables. Advanced gestational ages predict higher birth weights.
A regression equation can be generated with a data set containing subjects’ x and y values. Once this equation is generated, it can be used to predict future subjects’ y values, given only their x values. In simple or bivariate regression, predictions are made in cases with two variables. The score on variable y (dependent variable, or outcome) is predicted from the same subject’s known score on variable x (independent variable, or predictor).
Research Designs Appropriate for Simple Linear Regression
Research designs that may utilize simple linear regression include any associational design (Gliner et al., 2009). The variables involved in the design are attributional, meaning the variables are characteristics of the participant, such as health status, blood pressure, gender, diagnosis, or ethnicity. Regardless of the nature of variables, the dependent variable submitted to simple linear regression must be measured as continuous, at the interval or ratio level.
Statistical Formula and Assumptions
Use of simple linear regression involves the following assumptions (Zar, 2010):
1. Normal distribution of the dependent (y) variable
2. Linear relationship between x and y
3. Independent observations
4. No (or little) multicollinearity
5. Homoscedasticity
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Data that are homoscedastic are evenly dispersed both above and below the regression line, which indicates a linear relationship on a scatterplot. Homoscedasticity reflects equal variance of both variables. In other words, for every value of x, the distribution of y values should have equal variability. If the data for the predictor and dependent variable are not homoscedastic, inferences made during significance testing could be invalid (Cohen & Cohen, 1983; Zar, 2010). Visual examples of homoscedasticity and heteroscedasticity are presented in Exercise 30.
In simple linear regression, the dependent variable is continuous, and the predictor can be any scale of measurement; however, if the predictor is nominal, it must be correctly coded. Once the data are ready, the parameters a and b are computed to obtain a regression equation. To understand the mathematical process, recall the algebraic equation for a straight line:
y=bx+a
where
y=the dependent variable(outcome)
x=the independent variable(predictor)
b=the slope of the line
a=y-intercept(the point where the regression line intersects the y-axis)
No single regression line can be used to predict with complete accuracy every y value from every x value. In fact, you could draw an infinite number of lines through the scattered paired values (Zar, 2010). However, the purpose of the regression equa­tion is to develop the line to allow the highest degree of prediction possible”the line of best fit. The procedure for developing the line of best fit is the method of least squares. The formulas for the beta (β) and slope (α) of the regression equation are computed as follows. Note that once the β is calculated, that value is inserted into the formula for α.
β=nˆ‘xyˆ’ˆ‘xˆ‘ynˆ‘x 2 ˆ’(ˆ‘x) 2
α=ˆ‘yˆ’bˆ‘xn
Hand Calculations
This example uses data collected from a study of students enrolled in a registered nurse to bachelor of science in nursing (RN to BSN) program (Mancini, Ashwill, & Cipher, 2014). The predictor in this example is number of academic degrees obtained by the student prior to enrollment, and the dependent variable was number of months it took for the student to complete the RN to BSN program. The null hypothesis is œNumber of degrees does not predict the number of months until completion of an RN to BSN program.
The data are presented in Table 29-1. A simulated subset of 20 students was selected for this example so that the computations would be small and manageable. In actuality, studies involving linear regression need to be adequately powered (Aberson, 2010; Cohen, 1988). Observe that the data in Table 29-1 are arranged in columns that correspond to 321the elements of the formula. The summed values in the last row of Table 29-1 are inserted into the appropriate place in the formula for b.
TABLE 29-1
ENROLLMENT GPA AND MONTHS TO COMPLETION IN AN RN TO BSN PROGRAM
Student ID x y x2 xy
(Number of Degrees) (Months to Completion)
1 1 17 1 17
2 2 9 4 18
3 0 17 0 0
4 1 9 1 9
5 0 16 0 0
6 1 11 1 11
7 0 15 0 0
8 0 12 0 0
9 1 15 1 15
10 1 12 1 12
11 1 14 1 14
12 1 10 1 10
13 1 17 1 17
14 0 20 0 0
15 2 9 4 18
16 2 12 4 24
17 1 14 1 14
18 2 10 4 20
19 1 17 1 17
20 2 11 4 22
sum Σ 20 267 30 238
The computations for the b and α are as follows:
Step 1: Calculate b.
From the values in Table 29-1, we know that n = 20, Σx = 20, Σy = 267, Σx2 = 30, and Σxy = 238. These values are inserted into the formula for b, as follows:
b=20(238)ˆ’(20)(267)20(30)ˆ’20 2
b=ˆ’2.9
Step 2: Calculate α.
From Step 1, we now know that b = ˆ’2.9, and we plug this value into the formula for α.
α=267ˆ’(ˆ’2.9)(20)20
α=16.25
Step 3: Write the new regression equation:
y=ˆ’2.9x+16.25
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Step 4: Calculate R.
The multiple R is defined as the correlation between the actual y values and the predicted y values using the new regression equation. The predicted y value using the new equation is represented by the symbol Å· to differentiate from y, which represents the actual y values in the data set. We can use our new regression equation from Step 3 to compute predicted program completion time in months for each student, using their number of academic degrees prior to enrollment in the RN to BSN Program. For example, Student #1 had earned 1 academic degree prior to enrollment, and the predicted months to completion for Student 1 is calculated as:
y ̂ =ˆ’2.9(1)+16.25
y ̂ =13.35

Thus, the predicted Å· is 13.35 months. This procedure would be continued for the rest of the students, and the Pearson correlation between the actual months to completion (y) and the predicted months to completion (Å·) would yield the multiple R value. In this example, the R = 0.638. The higher the R, the more likely that the new regression equation accurately predicts y, because the higher the correlation, the closer the actual y values are to the predicted Å· values. Figure 29-1 displays the regression line where the x axis represents possible numbers of degrees, and the y axis represents the predicted months to program completion (Å· values).
FIGURE 29-1 REGRESSION LINE REPRESENTED BY NEW REGRESSION EQUATION.
Step 5: Determine whether the predictor significantly predicts y.
t=Rnˆ’21ˆ’R 2 ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ˆš

To know whether the predictor significantly predicts y, the beta must be tested against zero. In simple regression, this is most easily accomplished by using the R value from Step 4:
t=.638200ˆ’21ˆ’.407 ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ˆš
t=3.52
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The t value is then compared to the t probability distribution table (see Appendix A). The df for this t statistic is n ˆ’ 2. The critical t value at alpha (α) = 0.05, df = 18 is 2.10 for a two-tailed test. Our obtained t was 3.52, which exceeds the critical value in the table, thereby indicating a significant association between the predictor (x) and outcome (y).
Step 6: Calculate R2.
After establishing the statistical significance of the R value, it must subsequently be examined for clinical importance. This is accomplished by obtaining the coefficient of determination for regression”which simply involves squaring the R value. The R2 represents the percentage of variance explained in y by the predictor. Cohen describes R2 values of 0.02 as small, 0.15 as moderate, and 0.26 or higher as large effect sizes (Cohen, 1988). In our example, the R was 0.638, and, therefore, the R2 was 0.407. Multiplying 0.407 × 100% indicates that 40.7% of the variance in months to program completion can be explained by knowing the student’s number of earned academic degrees at admission (Cohen & Cohen, 1983).
The R2 can be very helpful in testing more than one predictor in a regression model. Unlike R, the R2 for one regression model can be compared with another regression model that contains additional predictors (Cohen & Cohen, 1983). The R2 is discussed further in Exercise 30.
The standardized beta (β) is another statistic that represents the magnitude of the association between x and y. β has limits just like a Pearson r, meaning that the standardized β cannot be lower than ˆ’1.00 or higher than 1.00. This value can be calculated by hand but is best computed with statistical software. The standardized beta (β) is calculated by converting the x and y values to z scores and then correlating the x and y value using the Pearson r formula. The standardized beta (β) is often reported in literature instead of the unstandardized b, because b does not have lower or upper limits and therefore the magnitude of b cannot be judged. β, on the other hand, is interpreted as a Pearson r and the descriptions of the magnitude of β can be applied, as recommended by Cohen (1988). In this example, the standardized beta (β) is ˆ’0.638. Thus, the magnitude of the association between x and y in this example is considered a large predictive association (Cohen, 1988).
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SPSS Computations
This is how our data set looks in SPSS.
Step 1: From the œAnalyze menu, choose œRegression and œLinear.
Step 2: Move the predictor, Number of Degrees, to the space labeled œIndependent(s). Move the dependent variable, Number of Months to Completion, to the space labeled œDependent. Click œOK.
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Interpretation of SPSS Output
The following tables are generated from SPSS. The first table contains the multiple R and the R2 values. The multiple R is 0.638, indicating that the correlation between the actual y values and the predicted y values using the new regression equation is 0.638. The R2 is 0.407, indicating that 40.7% of the variance in months to program completion can be explained by knowing the student’s number of earned academic degrees at enrollment.
Regression
The second table contains the ANOVA table. As presented in Exercises 18 and 33, the ANOVA is usually performed to test for differences between group means. However, ANOVA can also be performed for regression, where the null hypothesis is that œknowing the value of x explains no information about y. This table indicates that knowing the value of x explains a significant amount of variance in y. The contents of the ANOVA table are rarely reported in published manuscripts, because the significance of each predictor is presented in the last SPSS table titled œCoefficients (see below).
The third table contains the b and a values, standardized beta (β), t, and exact p value. The a is listed in the first row, next to the label œConstant. The β is listed in the second row, next to the name of the predictor. The remaining information that is important to extract when interpreting regression results can be found in the second row. The standardized beta (β) is ˆ’0.638. This value has limits just like a Pearson r, meaning that the standardized β cannot be lower than ˆ’1.00 or higher than 1.00. The t value is ˆ’3.516, and the exact p value is 0.002.
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Final Interpretation in American Psychological Association (APA) Format
The following interpretation is written as it might appear in a research article, formatted according to APA guidelines (APA, 2010). Simple linear regression was performed with number of earned academic degrees as the predictor and months to program completion as the dependent variable. The student’s number of degrees significantly predicted months to completion among students in an RN to BSN program, β = ˆ’0.638, p = 0.002, and R2 = 40.7%. Higher numbers of earned academic degrees significantly predicted shorter program completion time.
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Study Questions
1. If you have access to SPSS, compute the Shapiro-Wilk test of normality for months to completion (as demonstrated in Exercise 26). If you do not have access to SPSS, plot the frequency distributions by hand. What do the results indicate?
2. State the null hypothesis for the example where number of degrees was used to predict time to BSN program completion.
3. In the formula y = bx + a, what does œb represent?
4. In the formula y = bx + a, what does œa represent?
5. Using the new regression equation, Å· = ˆ’2.9x + 16.25, compute the predicted months to program completion if a student’s number of earned degrees is 0. Show your calculations.
6. Using the new regression equation, Å· = ˆ’2.9x + 16.25, compute the predicted months to program completion if a student’s number of earned degrees is 2. Show your calculations.
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7. What was the correlation between the actual y values and the predicted y values using the new regression equation in the example?
8. What was the exact likelihood of obtaining a t value at least as extreme as or as close to the one that was actually observed, assuming that the null hypothesis is true?
9. How much variance in months to completion is explained by knowing the student’s number of earned degrees?
10. How would you characterize the magnitude of the R2 in the example? Provide a rationale for your answer.
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Answers to Study Questions
1. The Shapiro-Wilk p value for months to RN to BSN program completion was 0.16, indicating that the frequency distribution did not significantly deviate from normality. Moreover, visual inspection of the frequency distribution indicates that months to completion is approximately normally distributed. See SPSS output below for the histograms of the distribution:
2. The null hypothesis is: œThe number of earned academic degrees does not predict the number of months until completion of an RN to BSN program.
3. In the formula y = bx + a, œb represents the slope of the regression line.
4. In the formula y = bx + a, œa represents the y-intercept, or the point at which the regression line intersects the y-axis.
5. The predicted months to program completion if a student’s number of academic degrees is 0 is calculated as: Å· = ˆ’2.9(0) + 16.25 = 16.25 months.
6. The predicted months to program completion if a student’s number of academic degrees is 2 is calculated as: Å· = ˆ’2.9(2) + 16.25 = 10.45 months.
7. The correlation between the actual y values and the predicted y values using the new regression equation in the example, also known as the multiple R, is 0.638.
8. The exact likelihood of obtaining a t value at least as extreme as or as close to the one that was actually observed, assuming that the null hypothesis is true, was 0.2%. This value was obtained by looking at the SPSS output table titled œCoefficients in the last value of the column labeled œSig.
9. 40.7% of the variance in months to completion is explained by knowing the student’s number of earned academic degrees at enrollment.
10. The magnitude of the R2 in this example, 0.407, would be considered a large effect according to the effect size tables in Exercises 24 and 25.
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Data for Additional Computational Practice for the Questions to be Graded
Using the example from Mancini and colleagues (2014), students enrolled in an RN to BSN program were assessed for demographics at enrollment. The predictor in this example is age at program enrollment, and the dependent variable was number of months it took for the student to complete the RN to BSN program. The null hypothesis is: œStudent age at enrollment does not predict the number of months until completion of an RN to BSN program. The data are presented in Table 29-2. A simulated subset of 20 students was randomly selected for this example so that the computations would be small and manageable.
TABLE 29-2
AGE AT ENROLLMENT AND MONTHS TO COMPLETION IN AN RN TO BSN PROGRAM
Student ID x y x2 xy
(Student Age) (Months to Completion)
1 23 17 529 391
2 24 9 576 216
3 24 17 576 408
4 26 9 676 234
5 31 16 961 496
6 31 11 961 341
7 32 15 1,024 480
8 33 12 1,089 396
9 33 15 1,089 495
10 34 12 1,156 408
11 34 14 1,156 476
12 35 10 1,225 350
13 35 17 1,225 595
14 39 20 1,521 780
15 40 9 1,600 360
16 42 12 1,764 504
17 42 14 1,764 588
18 44 10 1,936 440
19 51 17 2,601 867
20 24 11 576 264
sum Σ 677 267 24,005 9,089
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EXERCISE 29 Questions to Be Graded
Name: _______________________________________________________ Class: _____________________
Date: ___________________________________________________________________________________
Follow your instructor’s directions to submit your answers to the following questions for grading. Your instructor may ask you to write your answers below and submit them as a hard copy for grading. Alternatively, your instructor may ask you to use the space below for notes and submit your answers online at http://evolve.elsevier.com/Grove/Statistics/ under œQuestions to Be Graded.
1. If you have access to SPSS, compute the Shapiro-Wilk test of normality for the variable age (as demonstrated in Exercise 26). If you do not have access to SPSS, plot the frequency distributions by hand. What do the results indicate?
2. State the null hypothesis where age at enrollment is used to predict the time for completion of an RN to BSN program.
3. What is b as computed by hand (or using SPSS)?
4. What is a as computed by hand (or using SPSS)?
332
5. Write the new regression equation.
6. How would you characterize the magnitude of the obtained R2 value? Provide a rationale for your answer.
7. How much variance in months to RN to BSN program completion is explained by knowing the student’s enrollment age?
8. What was the correlation between the actual y values and the predicted y values using the new regression equation in the example?
9. Write your interpretation of the results as you would in an APA-formatted journal.
10. Given the results of your analyses, would you use the calculated regression equation to predict future students’ program completion time by using enrollment age as x? Provide a rationale for your answer
(Grove 319-332)
Grove, Susan K., Daisha Cipher. Statistics for Nursing Research: A Workbook for Evidence-Based Practice, 2nd Edition. Saunders, 022016. VitalBook file.
The citation provided is a guideline. Please check each citation for accuracy before use.
Exercise 35
Calculating Pearson Chi-Square
The Pearson chi-square test (χ2) compares differences between groups on variables measured at the nominal level. The χ2 compares the frequencies that are observed with the frequencies that are expected. When a study requires that researchers compare proportions (percentages) in one category versus another category, the χ2 is a statistic that will reveal if the difference in proportion is statistically improbable.
A one-way χ2 is a statistic that compares different levels of one variable only. For example, a researcher may collect information on gender and compare the proportions of males to females. If the one-way χ2 is statistically significant, it would indicate that proportions of one gender are significantly higher than proportions of the other gender than what would be expected by chance (Daniel, 2000). If more than two groups are being examined, the χ2 does not determine where the differences lie; it only determines that a significant difference exists. Further testing on pairs of groups with the χ2 would then be warranted to identify the significant differences.
A two-way χ2 is a statistic that tests whether proportions in levels of one nominal variable are significantly different from proportions of the second nominal variable. For example, the presence of advanced colon polyps was studied in three groups of patients: those having a normal body mass index (BMI), those who were overweight, and those who were obese (Siddiqui, Mahgoub, Pandove, Cipher, & Spechler, 2009). The research question tested was: œIs there a difference between the three groups (normal weight, overweight, and obese) on the presence of advanced colon polyps? The results of the χ2 test indicated that a larger proportion of obese patients fell into the category of having advanced colon polyps compared to normal weight and overweight patients, suggesting that obesity may be a risk factor for developing advanced colon polyps. Further examples of two-way χ2 tests are reviewed in Exercise 19.
Research Designs Appropriate for the Pearson χ2
Research designs that may utilize the Pearson χ2 include the randomized experimental, quasi-experimental, and comparative designs (Gliner, Morgan, & Leech, 2009). The variables may be active, attributional, or a combination of both. An active variable refers to an intervention, treatment, or program. An attributional variable refers to a characteristic of the participant, such as gender, diagnosis, or ethnicity. Regardless of the whether the variables are active or attributional, all variables submitted to χ2 calculations must be measured at the nominal level.
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Statistical Formula and Assumptions
Use of the Pearson χ2 involves the following assumptions (Daniel, 2000):
1. Only one datum entry is made for each subject in the sample. Therefore, if repeated measures from the same subject are being used for analysis, such as pretests and posttests, χ2 is not an appropriate test.
2. The variables must be categorical (nominal), either inherently or transformed to categorical from quantitative values.
3. For each variable, the categories are mutually exclusive and exhaustive. No cells may have an expected frequency of zero. In the actual data, the observed cell frequency may be zero. However, the Pearson χ2 test is sensitive to small sample sizes, and other tests, such as the Fisher’s exact test, are more appropriate when testing very small samples (Daniel, 2000; Yates, 1934).
The test is distribution-free, or nonparametric, which means that no assumption has been made for a normal distribution of values in the population from which the sample was taken (Daniel, 2000).
The formula for a two-way χ2 is:
χ 2 =n[(A)(D)ˆ’(B)(C)] 2 (A+B)(C+D)(A+C)(B+D)
The contingency table is labeled as follows. A contingency table is a table that displays the relationship between two or more categorical variables (Daniel, 2000):
A B
C D
With any χ2 analysis, the degrees of freedom (df) must be calculated to determine the significance of the value of the statistic. The following formula is used for this calculation:
df=(Rˆ’1)(Cˆ’1)
where
R=Number of rows
C=Number of columns
Hand Calculations
A retrospective comparative study examined whether longer antibiotic treatment courses were associated with increased antimicrobial resistance in patients with spinal cord injury (Lee et al., 2014). Using urine cultures from a sample of spinal cord“injured veterans, two groups were created: those with evidence of antibiotic resistance and those with no evidence of antibiotic resistance. Each veteran was also divided into two groups based on having had a history of recent (in the past 6 months) antibiotic use for more than 2 weeks or no history of recent antibiotic use.
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The data are presented in Table 35-1. The null hypothesis is: œThere is no difference between antibiotic users and non-users on the presence of antibiotic resistance.
TABLE 35-1
ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE BY ANTIBIOTIC USE
Antibiotic Use No Recent Use
Resistant 8 7
Not resistant 6 21
The computations for the Pearson χ2 test are as follows:
Step 1: Create a contingency table of the two nominal variables:
Used Antibiotics No Recent Use Totals
Resistant 8 7 15
Not resistant 6 21 27
Totals 14 28 42 †Total n
Step 2: Fit the cells into the formula:
χ 2 =n[(A)(D)ˆ’(B)(C)] 2 (A+B)(C+D)(A+C)(B+D)
χ 2 =42[(8)(21)ˆ’(7)(6)] 2 (8+7)(6+21)(8+6)(7+21)
χ 2 =666,792158,760
χ 2 =4.20
Step 3: Compute the degrees of freedom:
df=(2ˆ’1)(2ˆ’1)=1
Step 4: Locate the critical χ2 value in the χ2 distribution table (Appendix D) and compare it to the obtained χ2 value.
The obtained χ2 value is compared with the tabled χ2 values in Appendix D. The table includes the critical values of χ2 for specific degrees of freedom at selected levels of significance. If the value of the statistic is equal to or greater than the value identified in the χ2 table, the difference between the two variables is statistically significant. The critical χ2 for df = 1 is 3.84, and our obtained χ2 is 4.20, thereby exceeding the critical value and indicating a significant difference between antibiotic users and non-users on the presence of antibiotic resistance.
Furthermore, we can compute the rates of antibiotic resistance among antibiotic users and non-users by using the numbers in the contingency table from Step 1. The antibiotic resistance rate among the antibiotic users can be calculated as 8 ÷ 14 = 0.571 × 100% = 57.1%. The antibiotic resistance rate among the non-antibiotic users can be calculated as 7 ÷ 28 = 0.25 × 100% = 25%.
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SPSS Computations
The following screenshot is a replica of what your SPSS window will look like. The data for subjects 24 through 42 are viewable by scrolling down in the SPSS screen.
413
Step 1: From the œAnalyze menu, choose œDescriptive Statistics and œCrosstabs. Move the two variables to the right, where either variable can be in the œRow or œColumn space.
Step 2: Click œStatistics and check the box next to œChi-square. Click œContinue and œOK.
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Interpretation of SPSS Output
The following tables are generated from SPSS. The first table contains the contingency table, similar to Table 35-1 above. The second table contains the χ2 results.
Crosstabs
The last table contains the χ2 value in addition to other statistics that test associations between nominal variables. The Pearson χ2 test is located in the first row of the table, which contains the χ2 value, df, and p value.
Final Interpretation in American Psychological Association (APA) Format
The following interpretation is written as it might appear in a research article, formatted according to APA guidelines (APA, 2010). A Pearson χ2 analysis indicated that antibiotic users had significantly higher rates of antibiotic resistance than those who did not use antibiotics, χ2(1) = 4.20, p = 0.04 (57.1% versus 25%, respectively). This finding suggests that extended antibiotic use may be a risk factor for developing resistance, and further research is needed to investigate resistance as a direct effect of antibiotics.
415
Study Questions
1. Do the example data meet the assumptions for the Pearson χ2 test? Provide a rationale for your answer.
2. What is the null hypothesis in the example?
3. What was the exact likelihood of obtaining a χ2 value at least as extreme or as close to the one that was actually observed, assuming that the null hypothesis is true?
4. Using the numbers in the contingency table, calculate the percentage of antibiotic users who were resistant.
5. Using the numbers in the contingency table, calculate the percentage of non-antibiotic users who were resistant.
6. Using the numbers in the contingency table, calculate the percentage of resistant veterans who used antibiotics for more than 2 weeks.
416
7. Using the numbers in the contingency table, calculate the percentage of resistant veterans who had no history of antibiotic use.
8. What kind of design was used in the example?
9. What result would have been obtained if the variables in the SPSS Crosstabs window had been switched, with Antibiotic Use being placed in the œRow and Resistance being placed in the œColumn?
10. Was the sample size adequate to detect differences between the two groups in this example? Provide a rationale for your answer.
417
Answers to Study Questions
1. Yes, the data meet the assumptions of the Pearson χ2:
a. Only one datum per participant was entered into the contingency table, and no participant was counted twice.
b. Both antibiotic use and resistance are categorical (nominal-level data).
c. For each variable, the categories are mutually exclusive and exhaustive. It was not possible for a participant to belong to both groups, and the two categories (recent antibiotic user and non-user) included all study participants.
2. The null hypothesis is: œThere is no difference between antibiotic users and non-users on the presence of antibiotic resistance.
3. The exact likelihood of obtaining a χ2 value at least as extreme as or as close to the one that was actually observed, assuming that the null hypothesis is true, was 4.0%.
4. The percentage of antibiotic users who were resistant is calculated as 8 ÷ 14 = 0.5714 × 100% = 57.14% = 57.1%.
5. The percentage of non-antibiotic users who were resistant is calculated as 7 ÷ 28 = 0.25 × 100% = 25%.
6. The percentage of antibiotic-resistant veterans who used antibiotics for more than 2 weeks is calculated as 8 ÷ 15 = 0.533 × 100% = 53.3%.
7. The percentage of resistant veterans who had no history of antibiotic use is calculated as 6 ÷ 27 = 0.222 × 100% = 22.2%.
8. The study design in the example was a retrospective comparative design (Gliner et al., 2009).
9. Switching the variables in the SPSS Crosstabs window would have resulted in the exact same χ2 result.
10. The sample size was adequate to detect differences between the two groups, because a significant difference was found, p = 0.04, which is smaller than alpha = 0.05.
418
Data for Additional Computational Practice for Questions to be Graded
A retrospective comparative study examining the presence of candiduria (presence of Candida species in the urine) among 97 adults with a spinal cord injury is presented as an additional example. The differences in the use of antibiotics were investigated with the Pearson χ2 test (Goetz, Howard, Cipher, & Revankar, 2010). These data are presented in Table 35-2 as a contingency table.
TABLE 35-2
CANDIDURIA AND ANTIBIOTIC USE IN ADULTS WITH SPINAL CORD INJURIES
Candiduria No Candiduria Totals
Antibiotic use 15 43 58
No antibiotic use 0 39 39
Totals 15 82 97
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EXERCISE 35 Questions to Be Graded
Name: _______________________________________________________ Class: _____________________
Date: ___________________________________________________________________________________
Follow your instructor’s directions to submit your answers to the following questions for grading. Your instructor may ask you to write your answers below and submit them as a hard copy for grading. Alternatively, your instructor may ask you to use the space below for notes and submit your answers online at http://evolve.elsevier.com/Grove/statistics/ under œQuestions to Be Graded.
1. Do the example data in Table 35-2 meet the assumptions for the Pearson χ2 test? Provide a rationale for your answer.
2. Compute the χ2 test. What is the χ2 value?
3. Is the χ2 significant at α = 0.05? Specify how you arrived at your answer.
4. If using SPSS, what is the exact likelihood of obtaining the χ2 value at least as extreme as or as close to the one that was actually observed, assuming that the null hypothesis is true?
420
5. Using the numbers in the contingency table, calculate the percentage of antibiotic users who tested positive for candiduria.
6. Using the numbers in the contingency table, calculate the percentage of non-antibiotic users who tested positive for candiduria.
7. Using the numbers in the contingency table, calculate the percentage of veterans with candiduria who had a history of antibiotic use.
8. Using the numbers in the contingency table, calculate the percentage of veterans with candiduria who had no history of antibiotic use.
9. Write your interpretation of the results as you would in an APA-formatted journal.
10. Was the sample size adequate to detect differences between the two groups in this example? Provide a rationale for your answer.
(Grove 409-420)
Grove, Susan K., Daisha Cipher. Statistics for Nursing Research: A Workbook for Evidence-Based Practice, 2nd E

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Weekly Discusssion Post _Post An Explanation Of The Women’S Health Issue You Selected, Including The Impact Of Political, Social, And Sociocultural Factors On This Issue. Explain How Personal Perceptions Of Providers Might Influence Their Ability Or Willi

Discussion: Political, Social, and Sociocultural Influences on Women’s Health
As an advanced practice nurse, you must remain current on health issues that commonly impact women such as birth control, abortion, family planning, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Many of these women’s health issues are heavily influenced by political, social, and sociocultural factors. These influences might not only affect a woman’s ability or desire to receive care, but also a provider’s ability or willingness to offer care. How might political, social, and sociocultural factors influence your personal perceptions of these women’s health issues?
To prepare:
· Review this week’s media presentation, as well as Chapter 1 of the Schuiling and Likis text.
· Select and research one of the following women’s health issues: birth control, abortion, family planning, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in women, or another issue approved by the course Instructor.
· Consider the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on the women’s health issue you selected.
· Reflect on how the personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
By Day 3
Post an explanation of the women’s health issue you selected, including the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on this issue. Explain how personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.
By Day 6
Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected different issues than you did. Based on your personal and/or professional experiences, expand on your colleagues’ postings by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives
Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit!
Discussion: Political, Social, and Sociocultural Influences on Women’s Health
As an advanced practice nurse, you must remain current on health issues that commonly impact women such as birth control, abortion, family planning, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Many of these women’s health issues are heavily influenced by political, social, and sociocultural factors. These influences might not only affect a woman’s ability or desire to receive care, but also a provider’s ability or willingness to offer care. How might political, social, and sociocultural factors influence your personal perceptions of these women’s health issues?
To prepare:
· Review this week’s media presentation, as well as Chapter 1 of the Schuiling and Likis text.
· Select and research one of the following women’s health issues: birth control, abortion, family planning, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in women, or another issue approved by the course Instructor.
· Consider the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on the women’s health issue you selected.
· Reflect on how the personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
By Day 3
Post an explanation of the women’s health issue you selected, including the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on this issue. Explain how personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.
By Day 6
Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected different issues than you did. Based on your personal and/or professional experiences, expand on your colleagues’ postings by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives
Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit!

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LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.SORT_COLUMN’] = ‘familyName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT’] = ‘{1} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_SHORT.02097’] = ‘SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘float.allow.negative.format’] = ‘^((([-]?[0-9]{1,3}(\,[0-9]{3})*)|[-]?[0-9]*)(\.[0-9]+)?|\.[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TYPE’] = ‘GREGORIAN’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GIVEN_INITIAL_FAMILY_NAME’] = ‘{4} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘efloat.format’] = ‘^[+-]?[0-9]*(\.[0-9]+)?([eE][+-]?[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_WEEK.03260’] = ‘MMM d[ yyyy]{ ‘—'[ MMM] d yyyy}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL.02100’] = ‘January February March April May June July August September October November December’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI_LOCALIZED.00521’] = ‘NO’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.LONG’] = ‘{0} {1} {2} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL_HIJRI.02100’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’al-Awwal,RabÄ«Ê¿’ath-ThānÄ«,Jumādā’al-Ūlā,Jumādā’ath-Thāniya,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; 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LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.FIRST_DAY_OF_WEEK.03207’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.WINDOWS_CHARSET’] = ‘ISO-8859-1’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT_HIJRI.00520’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’I,RabÄ«Ê¿’II,Jumādā’I,Jumādā’II,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.LINUX_CHARSET’] = ‘iso88591’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_CHARACTER.03253’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_CHARACTER.03254’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN_ORDER’] = ‘title,givenName,middleName,familyName,suffix,otherName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_DAY.03258’] = ‘dddd, MMM d, yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.decimal_point’] = ‘.’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAYS.00521′] = ’01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_FULL.02098’] = ‘Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.date_display_pattern’] = ‘MM/DD/YY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.EXTENDED_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘thousand.sep.format’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI.00521’] = ‘0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.ADDRESS_ORDER.07832’] = ‘street,city,region,postal_code,country’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_DAY.03257’] = ‘dddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getString = i18n_get_string; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getFormattedString = i18n_get_formatted_string; } _init_bundle_LOCALE_SETTINGS(); var LOCALE_SETTINGS = new Object(); function _init_bundle_LOCALE_SETTINGS() { LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.ADDRESS_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘STREET_1 STREET_2 CITY STATE ZIP_CODE COUNTRY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.exponent’] = ‘eE’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.YEAR_CHARACTER.03255’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN.2’] = ‘{1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_MONTH.03255’] = ‘ddd’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.SOLARIS_CHARSET’] = ‘ISO8859-1’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN.1’] = ‘{0}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.internal_date_format’] = ‘MM/dd/yy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_MONTH.03259’] = ‘MMMM yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.TIME_ORDER.00519’] = ‘HMP’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘float.format’] = ‘^(([0-9]{1,3}(\,[0-9]{3})*)|[0-9]*)(\.[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.SORT_COLUMN’] = ‘familyName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT’] = ‘{1} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_SHORT.02097’] = ‘SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘float.allow.negative.format’] = ‘^((([-]?[0-9]{1,3}(\,[0-9]{3})*)|[-]?[0-9]*)(\.[0-9]+)?|\.[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TYPE’] = ‘GREGORIAN’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GIVEN_INITIAL_FAMILY_NAME’] = ‘{4} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘efloat.format’] = ‘^[+-]?[0-9]*(\.[0-9]+)?([eE][+-]?[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_WEEK.03260’] = ‘MMM d[ yyyy]{ ‘—'[ MMM] d yyyy}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL.02100’] = ‘January February March April May June July August September October November December’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI_LOCALIZED.00521’] = ‘NO’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.LONG’] = ‘{0} {1} {2} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL_HIJRI.02100’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’al-Awwal,RabÄ«Ê¿’ath-ThānÄ«,Jumādā’al-Ūlā,Jumādā’ath-Thāniya,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_NAME.03169’] = ‘ARIAL.TTF’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.WORK_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘JOB_TITLE DEPARTMENT COMPANY B_PHONE_1 B_PHONE_2 B_FAX’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GREETING’] = ‘Welcome, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT.00520’] = ‘Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_SIZE.03168’] = ‘8’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.thousands_sep’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_WEEK.03256’] = ‘ddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.AM_PM.00522’] = ‘AM PM’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DATE_ORDER.00519’] = ‘MDY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.PHONE_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘H_PHONE_1 H_PHONE_2 H_FAX M_PHONE’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_MIN.02099’] = ‘Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.24HR_SUPPORT.03208’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_PATH.03170’] = ‘C:/WINNT/Fonts’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.FIRST_DAY_OF_WEEK.03207’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.WINDOWS_CHARSET’] = ‘ISO-8859-1’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT_HIJRI.00520’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’I,RabÄ«Ê¿’II,Jumādā’I,Jumādā’II,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.LINUX_CHARSET’] = ‘iso88591’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_CHARACTER.03253’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_CHARACTER.03254’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN_ORDER’] = ‘title,givenName,middleName,familyName,suffix,otherName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_DAY.03258’] = ‘dddd, MMM d, yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.decimal_point’] = ‘.’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAYS.00521′] = ’01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_FULL.02098’] = ‘Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.date_display_pattern’] = ‘MM/DD/YY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.EXTENDED_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘thousand.sep.format’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI.00521’] = ‘0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.ADDRESS_ORDER.07832’] = ‘street,city,region,postal_code,country’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_DAY.03257’] = ‘dddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getString = i18n_get_string; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getFormattedString = i18n_get_formatted_string; } _init_bundle_LOCALE_SETTINGS();
Rubric Detail
Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.
ContentName: NURS_6551_Week1_Discussion_Rubric

Grid ViewList View Outstanding Performance Excellent Performance Competent Performance Proficient Performance Room for Improvement Main Posting:
Response to the discussion question is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 44 (44%) – 44 (44%)

Thoroughly responds to the discussion question(s)
is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.
supported by at least 3 current, credible sources
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 40 (40%) – 43 (43%)

Responds to the discussion question(s)
is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth
supported by at least 3 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 35 (35%) – 39 (39%)

Responds to most of the discussion question(s)
is somewhat reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
50% of post has exceptional depth and breadth
supported by at least 3 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 31 (31%) – 34 (34%)

Responds to some of the discussion question(s)
one to two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed
is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis
somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
post is cited with fewer than 2 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 30 (30%)

Does not respond to the discussion question(s)
lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria
lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis
does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
contains only 1 or no credible references
Feedback: Main Posting:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Written clearly and concisely
Contains no grammatical or spelling errors
Fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Written clearly and concisely
May contain one or no grammatical or spelling error
Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Written concisely
May contain one to two grammatical or spelling error
Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Written somewhat concisely
May contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors
Contains some APA formatting errors
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Not written clearly or concisely
Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors
Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Main Posting:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 10 (10%) – 10 (10%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
posts main discussion by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback: First Response:
Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
responds to questions posed by faculty
the use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 8.5 (8.5%) – 8.5 (8.5%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 7.5 (7.5%) – 8 (8%)

Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 6.5 (6.5%) – 7 (7%)

Response is on topic, may have some depth
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)

Response may not be on topic, lacks depth
Feedback: First Response:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are fully answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are mostly answered if posed
Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources
Response is written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication
Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered if posed
Few or no credible sources are cited
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective
Response to faculty questions are missing
No credible sources are cited
Feedback: First Response:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
posts by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback: Second Response:
Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings * responds to questions posed by faculty
the use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 8.5 (8.5%) – 8.5 (8.5%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 7.5 (7.5%) – 8 (8%)

Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 6.5 (6.5%) – 7 (7%)

Response is on topic, may have some depth
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)

Response may not be on topic, lacks depth
Feedback: Second Response:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are fully answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are mostly answered if posed
Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources
Response is written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication
Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered if posed
Few or no credible sources are cited
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective
Response to faculty questions are missing
No credible sources are cited
Feedback: Second Response:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
Posts by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback:
Show DescriptionsShow Feedback
Main Posting:
Response to the discussion question is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.–Levels of Achievement:Outstanding Performance44 (44%) – 44 (44%)
Thoroughly responds to the discussion question(s)
is refle

THIS QUESTION HAS BEEN ANSWERED BY OUR WRITERS


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Weekly Discusssion Post _Post An Explanation Of The Women’S Health Issue You Selected, Including The Impact Of Political, Social, And Sociocultural Factors On This Issue. Explain How Personal Perceptions Of Providers Might Influence Their Ability Or Willi

Discussion: Political, Social, and Sociocultural Influences on Women’s Health
As an advanced practice nurse, you must remain current on health issues that commonly impact women such as birth control, abortion, family planning, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Many of these women’s health issues are heavily influenced by political, social, and sociocultural factors. These influences might not only affect a woman’s ability or desire to receive care, but also a provider’s ability or willingness to offer care. How might political, social, and sociocultural factors influence your personal perceptions of these women’s health issues?
To prepare:
· Review this week’s media presentation, as well as Chapter 1 of the Schuiling and Likis text.
· Select and research one of the following women’s health issues: birth control, abortion, family planning, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in women, or another issue approved by the course Instructor.
· Consider the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on the women’s health issue you selected.
· Reflect on how the personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
By Day 3
Post an explanation of the women’s health issue you selected, including the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on this issue. Explain how personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.
By Day 6
Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected different issues than you did. Based on your personal and/or professional experiences, expand on your colleagues’ postings by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives
Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit!
Discussion: Political, Social, and Sociocultural Influences on Women’s Health
As an advanced practice nurse, you must remain current on health issues that commonly impact women such as birth control, abortion, family planning, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Many of these women’s health issues are heavily influenced by political, social, and sociocultural factors. These influences might not only affect a woman’s ability or desire to receive care, but also a provider’s ability or willingness to offer care. How might political, social, and sociocultural factors influence your personal perceptions of these women’s health issues?
To prepare:
· Review this week’s media presentation, as well as Chapter 1 of the Schuiling and Likis text.
· Select and research one of the following women’s health issues: birth control, abortion, family planning, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in women, or another issue approved by the course Instructor.
· Consider the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on the women’s health issue you selected.
· Reflect on how the personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
By Day 3
Post an explanation of the women’s health issue you selected, including the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on this issue. Explain how personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.
By Day 6
Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected different issues than you did. Based on your personal and/or professional experiences, expand on your colleagues’ postings by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives
Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit!

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Users will be unable to use parts of the system without an email address.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.maximum_length.no_name.singular’] = ‘Must not contain more than {0} characters.nReduce the size of the input by one character.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.multiSelect.maxItems’] = ‘Multiselect box should not contain more than {0} number of items.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.number’] = ‘A valid numeric value must be entered: {0}.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘portalmodule.section.remove’] = ‘Delete: {0}?’; JS_RESOURCES[‘show.helptext’] = ‘Show Help Text’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.date.required’] = ‘A complete date value must be provided: {0}.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.password’] = ‘Password cannot be empty or contain only spaces.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.mismatch’] = ‘The values entered do not match: {0}.nConfirm: {0}.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.percent’] = ‘A valid percent value between 0 and 100 must be entered.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.maximum_length.no_name.plural’] = ‘Must not contain more than {0} characters.nReduce the size of the input by {1} characters.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘field_name.substitute’] = ”'{0}” input field’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.invalid_value’] = ‘Invalid numeric value provided: {0}.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.required’] = ‘A value must be provided: {0}.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validate.alignment.missing.content’] = ‘You selected alignments but did not select any alignable content to copy.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘active.filter.free.form.text.blank’] = ‘Specify a value for the search text field’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.system_role.reserve’] = ‘”bb” is not permitted at the beginning of a role ID.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.date_past’] = ‘The end date cannot be earlier than the start date.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘confirm.delete_item_value’] = ‘This item {0} will be deleted. Continue?’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.invalid_chars’] = ‘Contains illegal characters: {0}.nDelete these characters: {1}’; JS_RESOURCES[‘hide.helptext’] = ‘Hide Help Text’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validate.range.lessthen.str’] = ‘Less Than {0}’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validate.login.invalid.username.or.pass’] = ‘Enter a username and password.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.date_past.confirm’] = ‘The time is in the past.nContinue with this time?’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.negative’] = ‘A valid non-negative value must be entered: {0}.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.url’] = ‘A valid URL (for example, http://www.myschool.edu) must be entered.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validate.range.overlap’] = ‘criteria ({0}) overlaps criteria ({1}).’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validate.range.between.str’] = ‘Between {0} and {1}’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.portal.tool.items.remove’] = ‘Delete: {0}?’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.association.refresh.confirm’] = ‘The associated items information might have been updated.nClick ‘OK’ to refresh the list or click ‘Cancel’ to keep the current page.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validate.enrolloptions.error.codeconflict’] = ‘The Access Code Enrollment option conflicts with the selection of {instructor} Led enrollment.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘list.checkToSelectAllItems’] = ‘Check to select all items’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.option.required’] = ‘At least one option must be selected from the list.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘active.filter.changed.alert’] = ‘criteria now contains’; JS_RESOURCES[‘vtbe.artifact.footer.validate.nameIfSaveArtifact’] = ‘Specify a Name in order to Save as a Reusable Object.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validate.invalidate.number’] = ‘Please input valid number instead of {0}.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.valid_course_id’] = ‘Course id contains illegal characters or multibyte characters.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘assessment.incomplete.confirm’] = ‘The following questions may be incomplete:n {0}nClick cancel to return to the test. Click Ok to submit assessment.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validate.enrolloptions.error.nooption’] = ‘Warning: Choose either the {instructor} Led or the Self-Enrollment option.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.date_equal’] = ‘The start date cannot be equal to the end date.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.cmp_field.rejected’] = ‘The {0} cannot be used without a corresponding {1} value.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.time.required’] = ‘A complete time value must be provided: {0}.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.integer_number’] = ‘A valid integer numeric value must be entered: {0}.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.maximum_length’] = ‘Must not contain more than 255 characters’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validate.enrolloptions.error.emailrequestconflict’] = ‘The selected email enrollment option conflicts with the self-enrollment selection.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validate.range.morethen.str’] = ‘More Than {0}’; JS_RESOURCES[‘invalid_char.space’] = ‘space’; JS_RESOURCES[‘notification.submit’] = ‘Action already submitted.nWait until the action is complete.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.plain_text.confirm’] = ‘To display equations correctly in this document, Smart Text or HTML format must be selected.nClick ‘OK’ to save in selected Plain Text format or click ‘Cancel’ to select a new format.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.allow_negtive.percent’] = ‘A valid percent value between -100 and 100 must be entered.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘invalid_char.comma’] = ‘comma’; JS_RESOURCES[‘confirm.remove_item’] = ‘This action is final and cannot be undone. Continue?’; JS_RESOURCES[‘list.uncheckToDeselectAllItems’] = ‘Uncheck to deselect all items’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.maximum_length.singular’] = ‘Must not contain more than {1} characters: {0}.nReduce the size of the input by one character.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘vtbe.artifact.footer.validate.saveLocationIfSaveArtifact’] = ‘Specify a location for the Reusable Object.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.minimum_length’] = ‘A minimum of {0} characters must be entered: {1}.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘assessment.incomplete.confirm.survey’] = ‘The following questions may be incomplete:n {0}nClick cancel to return to the survey. Click Ok to submit assessment.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validation.image_type’] = ‘Unknown image type: {0}. Image may not display correctly.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validate.invalidate.number.space’] = ‘Space’; JS_RESOURCES.getString = i18n_get_string; JS_RESOURCES.getFormattedString = i18n_get_formatted_string; } _init_bundle_JS_RESOURCES(); var LOCALE_SETTINGS = new Object(); function _init_bundle_LOCALE_SETTINGS() { LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.ADDRESS_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘STREET_1 STREET_2 CITY STATE ZIP_CODE COUNTRY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.exponent’] = ‘eE’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.YEAR_CHARACTER.03255’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN.2’] = ‘{1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_MONTH.03255’] = ‘ddd’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.SOLARIS_CHARSET’] = ‘ISO8859-1’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN.1’] = ‘{0}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.internal_date_format’] = ‘MM/dd/yy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_MONTH.03259’] = ‘MMMM yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.TIME_ORDER.00519’] = ‘HMP’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘float.format’] = ‘^(([0-9]{1,3}(\,[0-9]{3})*)|[0-9]*)(\.[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.SORT_COLUMN’] = ‘familyName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT’] = ‘{1} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_SHORT.02097’] = ‘SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘float.allow.negative.format’] = ‘^((([-]?[0-9]{1,3}(\,[0-9]{3})*)|[-]?[0-9]*)(\.[0-9]+)?|\.[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TYPE’] = ‘GREGORIAN’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GIVEN_INITIAL_FAMILY_NAME’] = ‘{4} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘efloat.format’] = ‘^[+-]?[0-9]*(\.[0-9]+)?([eE][+-]?[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_WEEK.03260’] = ‘MMM d[ yyyy]{ ‘—'[ MMM] d yyyy}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL.02100’] = ‘January February March April May June July August September October November December’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI_LOCALIZED.00521’] = ‘NO’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.LONG’] = ‘{0} {1} {2} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL_HIJRI.02100’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’al-Awwal,RabÄ«Ê¿’ath-ThānÄ«,Jumādā’al-Ūlā,Jumādā’ath-Thāniya,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_NAME.03169’] = ‘ARIAL.TTF’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.WORK_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘JOB_TITLE DEPARTMENT COMPANY B_PHONE_1 B_PHONE_2 B_FAX’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GREETING’] = ‘Welcome, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT.00520’] = ‘Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_SIZE.03168’] = ‘8’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.thousands_sep’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_WEEK.03256’] = ‘ddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.AM_PM.00522’] = ‘AM PM’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DATE_ORDER.00519’] = ‘MDY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.PHONE_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘H_PHONE_1 H_PHONE_2 H_FAX M_PHONE’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_MIN.02099’] = ‘Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.24HR_SUPPORT.03208’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_PATH.03170’] = ‘C:/WINNT/Fonts’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.FIRST_DAY_OF_WEEK.03207’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.WINDOWS_CHARSET’] = ‘ISO-8859-1’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT_HIJRI.00520’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’I,RabÄ«Ê¿’II,Jumādā’I,Jumādā’II,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.LINUX_CHARSET’] = ‘iso88591’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_CHARACTER.03253’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_CHARACTER.03254’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN_ORDER’] = ‘title,givenName,middleName,familyName,suffix,otherName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_DAY.03258’] = ‘dddd, MMM d, yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.decimal_point’] = ‘.’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAYS.00521′] = ’01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_FULL.02098’] = ‘Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.date_display_pattern’] = ‘MM/DD/YY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.EXTENDED_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘thousand.sep.format’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI.00521’] = ‘0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.ADDRESS_ORDER.07832’] = ‘street,city,region,postal_code,country’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_DAY.03257’] = ‘dddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getString = i18n_get_string; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getFormattedString = i18n_get_formatted_string; } _init_bundle_LOCALE_SETTINGS(); var LOCALE_SETTINGS = new Object(); function _init_bundle_LOCALE_SETTINGS() { LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.ADDRESS_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘STREET_1 STREET_2 CITY STATE ZIP_CODE COUNTRY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.exponent’] = ‘eE’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.YEAR_CHARACTER.03255’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN.2’] = ‘{1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_MONTH.03255’] = ‘ddd’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.SOLARIS_CHARSET’] = ‘ISO8859-1’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN.1’] = ‘{0}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.internal_date_format’] = ‘MM/dd/yy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_MONTH.03259’] = ‘MMMM yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.TIME_ORDER.00519’] = ‘HMP’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘float.format’] = ‘^(([0-9]{1,3}(\,[0-9]{3})*)|[0-9]*)(\.[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.SORT_COLUMN’] = ‘familyName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT’] = ‘{1} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_SHORT.02097’] = ‘SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘float.allow.negative.format’] = ‘^((([-]?[0-9]{1,3}(\,[0-9]{3})*)|[-]?[0-9]*)(\.[0-9]+)?|\.[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TYPE’] = ‘GREGORIAN’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GIVEN_INITIAL_FAMILY_NAME’] = ‘{4} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘efloat.format’] = ‘^[+-]?[0-9]*(\.[0-9]+)?([eE][+-]?[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_WEEK.03260’] = ‘MMM d[ yyyy]{ ‘—'[ MMM] d yyyy}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL.02100’] = ‘January February March April May June July August September October November December’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI_LOCALIZED.00521’] = ‘NO’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.LONG’] = ‘{0} {1} {2} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL_HIJRI.02100’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’al-Awwal,RabÄ«Ê¿’ath-ThānÄ«,Jumādā’al-Ūlā,Jumādā’ath-Thāniya,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_NAME.03169’] = ‘ARIAL.TTF’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.WORK_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘JOB_TITLE DEPARTMENT COMPANY B_PHONE_1 B_PHONE_2 B_FAX’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GREETING’] = ‘Welcome, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT.00520’] = ‘Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_SIZE.03168’] = ‘8’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.thousands_sep’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_WEEK.03256’] = ‘ddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.AM_PM.00522’] = ‘AM PM’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DATE_ORDER.00519’] = ‘MDY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.PHONE_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘H_PHONE_1 H_PHONE_2 H_FAX M_PHONE’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_MIN.02099’] = ‘Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.24HR_SUPPORT.03208’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_PATH.03170’] = ‘C:/WINNT/Fonts’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.FIRST_DAY_OF_WEEK.03207’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.WINDOWS_CHARSET’] = ‘ISO-8859-1’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT_HIJRI.00520’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’I,RabÄ«Ê¿’II,Jumādā’I,Jumādā’II,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.LINUX_CHARSET’] = ‘iso88591’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_CHARACTER.03253’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_CHARACTER.03254’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN_ORDER’] = ‘title,givenName,middleName,familyName,suffix,otherName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_DAY.03258’] = ‘dddd, MMM d, yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.decimal_point’] = ‘.’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAYS.00521′] = ’01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_FULL.02098’] = ‘Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.date_display_pattern’] = ‘MM/DD/YY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.EXTENDED_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘thousand.sep.format’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI.00521’] = ‘0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.ADDRESS_ORDER.07832’] = ‘street,city,region,postal_code,country’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_DAY.03257’] = ‘dddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getString = i18n_get_string; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getFormattedString = i18n_get_formatted_string; } _init_bundle_LOCALE_SETTINGS();
Rubric Detail
Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.
ContentName: NURS_6551_Week1_Discussion_Rubric

Grid ViewList View Outstanding Performance Excellent Performance Competent Performance Proficient Performance Room for Improvement Main Posting:
Response to the discussion question is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 44 (44%) – 44 (44%)

Thoroughly responds to the discussion question(s)
is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.
supported by at least 3 current, credible sources
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 40 (40%) – 43 (43%)

Responds to the discussion question(s)
is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth
supported by at least 3 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 35 (35%) – 39 (39%)

Responds to most of the discussion question(s)
is somewhat reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
50% of post has exceptional depth and breadth
supported by at least 3 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 31 (31%) – 34 (34%)

Responds to some of the discussion question(s)
one to two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed
is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis
somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
post is cited with fewer than 2 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 30 (30%)

Does not respond to the discussion question(s)
lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria
lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis
does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
contains only 1 or no credible references
Feedback: Main Posting:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Written clearly and concisely
Contains no grammatical or spelling errors
Fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Written clearly and concisely
May contain one or no grammatical or spelling error
Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Written concisely
May contain one to two grammatical or spelling error
Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Written somewhat concisely
May contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors
Contains some APA formatting errors
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Not written clearly or concisely
Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors
Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Main Posting:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 10 (10%) – 10 (10%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
posts main discussion by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback: First Response:
Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
responds to questions posed by faculty
the use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 8.5 (8.5%) – 8.5 (8.5%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 7.5 (7.5%) – 8 (8%)

Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 6.5 (6.5%) – 7 (7%)

Response is on topic, may have some depth
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)

Response may not be on topic, lacks depth
Feedback: First Response:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are fully answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are mostly answered if posed
Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources
Response is written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication
Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered if posed
Few or no credible sources are cited
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective
Response to faculty questions are missing
No credible sources are cited
Feedback: First Response:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
posts by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback: Second Response:
Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings * responds to questions posed by faculty
the use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 8.5 (8.5%) – 8.5 (8.5%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 7.5 (7.5%) – 8 (8%)

Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 6.5 (6.5%) – 7 (7%)

Response is on topic, may have some depth
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)

Response may not be on topic, lacks depth
Feedback: Second Response:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are fully answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are mostly answered if posed
Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources
Response is written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication
Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered if posed
Few or no credible sources are cited
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective
Response to faculty questions are missing
No credible sources are cited
Feedback: Second Response:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
Posts by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback:
Show DescriptionsShow Feedback
Main Posting:
Response to the discussion question is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.–Levels of Achievement:Outstanding Performance44 (44%) – 44 (44%)
Thoroughly responds to the discussion question(s)
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Weekly Discusssion Post _Post An Explanation Of The Women’S Health Issue You Selected, Including The Impact Of Political, Social, And Sociocultural Factors On This Issue. Explain How Personal Perceptions Of Providers Might Influence Their Ability Or Willi

Discussion: Political, Social, and Sociocultural Influences on Women’s Health
As an advanced practice nurse, you must remain current on health issues that commonly impact women such as birth control, abortion, family planning, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Many of these women’s health issues are heavily influenced by political, social, and sociocultural factors. These influences might not only affect a woman’s ability or desire to receive care, but also a provider’s ability or willingness to offer care. How might political, social, and sociocultural factors influence your personal perceptions of these women’s health issues?
To prepare:
· Review this week’s media presentation, as well as Chapter 1 of the Schuiling and Likis text.
· Select and research one of the following women’s health issues: birth control, abortion, family planning, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in women, or another issue approved by the course Instructor.
· Consider the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on the women’s health issue you selected.
· Reflect on how the personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
By Day 3
Post an explanation of the women’s health issue you selected, including the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on this issue. Explain how personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.
By Day 6
Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected different issues than you did. Based on your personal and/or professional experiences, expand on your colleagues’ postings by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives
Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit!
Discussion: Political, Social, and Sociocultural Influences on Women’s Health
As an advanced practice nurse, you must remain current on health issues that commonly impact women such as birth control, abortion, family planning, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Many of these women’s health issues are heavily influenced by political, social, and sociocultural factors. These influences might not only affect a woman’s ability or desire to receive care, but also a provider’s ability or willingness to offer care. How might political, social, and sociocultural factors influence your personal perceptions of these women’s health issues?
To prepare:
· Review this week’s media presentation, as well as Chapter 1 of the Schuiling and Likis text.
· Select and research one of the following women’s health issues: birth control, abortion, family planning, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in women, or another issue approved by the course Instructor.
· Consider the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on the women’s health issue you selected.
· Reflect on how the personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
By Day 3
Post an explanation of the women’s health issue you selected, including the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on this issue. Explain how personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.
By Day 6
Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected different issues than you did. Based on your personal and/or professional experiences, expand on your colleagues’ postings by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives
Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit!

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LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_NAME.03169’] = ‘ARIAL.TTF’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.WORK_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘JOB_TITLE DEPARTMENT COMPANY B_PHONE_1 B_PHONE_2 B_FAX’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GREETING’] = ‘Welcome, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT.00520’] = ‘Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_SIZE.03168’] = ‘8’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.thousands_sep’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_WEEK.03256’] = ‘ddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.AM_PM.00522’] = ‘AM PM’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DATE_ORDER.00519’] = ‘MDY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.PHONE_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘H_PHONE_1 H_PHONE_2 H_FAX M_PHONE’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_MIN.02099’] = ‘Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.24HR_SUPPORT.03208’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_PATH.03170’] = ‘C:/WINNT/Fonts’; 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LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN.1’] = ‘{0}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.internal_date_format’] = ‘MM/dd/yy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_MONTH.03259’] = ‘MMMM yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.TIME_ORDER.00519’] = ‘HMP’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘float.format’] = ‘^(([0-9]{1,3}(\,[0-9]{3})*)|[0-9]*)(\.[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.SORT_COLUMN’] = ‘familyName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT’] = ‘{1} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_SHORT.02097’] = ‘SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘float.allow.negative.format’] = ‘^((([-]?[0-9]{1,3}(\,[0-9]{3})*)|[-]?[0-9]*)(\.[0-9]+)?|\.[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TYPE’] = ‘GREGORIAN’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GIVEN_INITIAL_FAMILY_NAME’] = ‘{4} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘efloat.format’] = ‘^[+-]?[0-9]*(\.[0-9]+)?([eE][+-]?[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_WEEK.03260’] = ‘MMM d[ yyyy]{ ‘—'[ MMM] d yyyy}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL.02100’] = ‘January February March April May June July August September October November December’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI_LOCALIZED.00521’] = ‘NO’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.LONG’] = ‘{0} {1} {2} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL_HIJRI.02100’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’al-Awwal,RabÄ«Ê¿’ath-ThānÄ«,Jumādā’al-Ūlā,Jumādā’ath-Thāniya,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_NAME.03169’] = ‘ARIAL.TTF’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.WORK_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘JOB_TITLE DEPARTMENT COMPANY B_PHONE_1 B_PHONE_2 B_FAX’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GREETING’] = ‘Welcome, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT.00520’] = ‘Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_SIZE.03168’] = ‘8’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.thousands_sep’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_WEEK.03256’] = ‘ddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.AM_PM.00522’] = ‘AM PM’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DATE_ORDER.00519’] = ‘MDY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.PHONE_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘H_PHONE_1 H_PHONE_2 H_FAX M_PHONE’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_MIN.02099’] = ‘Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.24HR_SUPPORT.03208’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_PATH.03170’] = ‘C:/WINNT/Fonts’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.FIRST_DAY_OF_WEEK.03207’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.WINDOWS_CHARSET’] = ‘ISO-8859-1’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT_HIJRI.00520’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’I,RabÄ«Ê¿’II,Jumādā’I,Jumādā’II,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.LINUX_CHARSET’] = ‘iso88591’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_CHARACTER.03253’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_CHARACTER.03254’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN_ORDER’] = ‘title,givenName,middleName,familyName,suffix,otherName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_DAY.03258’] = ‘dddd, MMM d, yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.decimal_point’] = ‘.’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAYS.00521′] = ’01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_FULL.02098’] = ‘Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.date_display_pattern’] = ‘MM/DD/YY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.EXTENDED_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘thousand.sep.format’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI.00521’] = ‘0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.ADDRESS_ORDER.07832’] = ‘street,city,region,postal_code,country’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_DAY.03257’] = ‘dddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getString = i18n_get_string; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getFormattedString = i18n_get_formatted_string; } _init_bundle_LOCALE_SETTINGS();
Rubric Detail
Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.
ContentName: NURS_6551_Week1_Discussion_Rubric

Grid ViewList View Outstanding Performance Excellent Performance Competent Performance Proficient Performance Room for Improvement Main Posting:
Response to the discussion question is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 44 (44%) – 44 (44%)

Thoroughly responds to the discussion question(s)
is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.
supported by at least 3 current, credible sources
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 40 (40%) – 43 (43%)

Responds to the discussion question(s)
is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth
supported by at least 3 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 35 (35%) – 39 (39%)

Responds to most of the discussion question(s)
is somewhat reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
50% of post has exceptional depth and breadth
supported by at least 3 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 31 (31%) – 34 (34%)

Responds to some of the discussion question(s)
one to two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed
is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis
somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
post is cited with fewer than 2 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 30 (30%)

Does not respond to the discussion question(s)
lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria
lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis
does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
contains only 1 or no credible references
Feedback: Main Posting:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Written clearly and concisely
Contains no grammatical or spelling errors
Fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Written clearly and concisely
May contain one or no grammatical or spelling error
Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Written concisely
May contain one to two grammatical or spelling error
Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Written somewhat concisely
May contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors
Contains some APA formatting errors
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Not written clearly or concisely
Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors
Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Main Posting:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 10 (10%) – 10 (10%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
posts main discussion by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback: First Response:
Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
responds to questions posed by faculty
the use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 8.5 (8.5%) – 8.5 (8.5%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 7.5 (7.5%) – 8 (8%)

Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 6.5 (6.5%) – 7 (7%)

Response is on topic, may have some depth
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)

Response may not be on topic, lacks depth
Feedback: First Response:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are fully answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are mostly answered if posed
Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources
Response is written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication
Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered if posed
Few or no credible sources are cited
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective
Response to faculty questions are missing
No credible sources are cited
Feedback: First Response:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
posts by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback: Second Response:
Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings * responds to questions posed by faculty
the use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 8.5 (8.5%) – 8.5 (8.5%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 7.5 (7.5%) – 8 (8%)

Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 6.5 (6.5%) – 7 (7%)

Response is on topic, may have some depth
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)

Response may not be on topic, lacks depth
Feedback: Second Response:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are fully answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are mostly answered if posed
Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources
Response is written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication
Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered if posed
Few or no credible sources are cited
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective
Response to faculty questions are missing
No credible sources are cited
Feedback: Second Response:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
Posts by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback:
Show DescriptionsShow Feedback
Main Posting:
Response to the discussion question is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.–Levels of Achievement:Outstanding Performance44 (44%) – 44 (44%)
Thoroughly responds to the discussion question(s)
is refle

THIS QUESTION HAS BEEN ANSWERED BY OUR WRITERS


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Weekly Discusssion Post _Post An Explanation Of The Women’S Health Issue You Selected, Including The Impact Of Political, Social, And Sociocultural Factors On This Issue. Explain How Personal Perceptions Of Providers Might Influence Their Ability Or Willi

Discussion: Political, Social, and Sociocultural Influences on Women’s Health
As an advanced practice nurse, you must remain current on health issues that commonly impact women such as birth control, abortion, family planning, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Many of these women’s health issues are heavily influenced by political, social, and sociocultural factors. These influences might not only affect a woman’s ability or desire to receive care, but also a provider’s ability or willingness to offer care. How might political, social, and sociocultural factors influence your personal perceptions of these women’s health issues?
To prepare:
· Review this week’s media presentation, as well as Chapter 1 of the Schuiling and Likis text.
· Select and research one of the following women’s health issues: birth control, abortion, family planning, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in women, or another issue approved by the course Instructor.
· Consider the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on the women’s health issue you selected.
· Reflect on how the personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
By Day 3
Post an explanation of the women’s health issue you selected, including the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on this issue. Explain how personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.
By Day 6
Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected different issues than you did. Based on your personal and/or professional experiences, expand on your colleagues’ postings by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives
Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit!
Discussion: Political, Social, and Sociocultural Influences on Women’s Health
As an advanced practice nurse, you must remain current on health issues that commonly impact women such as birth control, abortion, family planning, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Many of these women’s health issues are heavily influenced by political, social, and sociocultural factors. These influences might not only affect a woman’s ability or desire to receive care, but also a provider’s ability or willingness to offer care. How might political, social, and sociocultural factors influence your personal perceptions of these women’s health issues?
To prepare:
· Review this week’s media presentation, as well as Chapter 1 of the Schuiling and Likis text.
· Select and research one of the following women’s health issues: birth control, abortion, family planning, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in women, or another issue approved by the course Instructor.
· Consider the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on the women’s health issue you selected.
· Reflect on how the personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
By Day 3
Post an explanation of the women’s health issue you selected, including the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on this issue. Explain how personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.
By Day 6
Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected different issues than you did. Based on your personal and/or professional experiences, expand on your colleagues’ postings by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives
Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit!

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Image may not display correctly.’; JS_RESOURCES[‘validate.invalidate.number.space’] = ‘Space’; JS_RESOURCES.getString = i18n_get_string; JS_RESOURCES.getFormattedString = i18n_get_formatted_string; } _init_bundle_JS_RESOURCES(); var LOCALE_SETTINGS = new Object(); function _init_bundle_LOCALE_SETTINGS() { LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.ADDRESS_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘STREET_1 STREET_2 CITY STATE ZIP_CODE COUNTRY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.exponent’] = ‘eE’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.YEAR_CHARACTER.03255’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN.2’] = ‘{1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_MONTH.03255’] = ‘ddd’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.SOLARIS_CHARSET’] = ‘ISO8859-1’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN.1’] = ‘{0}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.internal_date_format’] = ‘MM/dd/yy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_MONTH.03259’] = ‘MMMM yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.TIME_ORDER.00519’] = ‘HMP’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘float.format’] = ‘^(([0-9]{1,3}(\,[0-9]{3})*)|[0-9]*)(\.[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.SORT_COLUMN’] = ‘familyName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT’] = ‘{1} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_SHORT.02097’] = ‘SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘float.allow.negative.format’] = ‘^((([-]?[0-9]{1,3}(\,[0-9]{3})*)|[-]?[0-9]*)(\.[0-9]+)?|\.[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TYPE’] = ‘GREGORIAN’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GIVEN_INITIAL_FAMILY_NAME’] = ‘{4} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘efloat.format’] = ‘^[+-]?[0-9]*(\.[0-9]+)?([eE][+-]?[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_WEEK.03260’] = ‘MMM d[ yyyy]{ ‘—'[ MMM] d yyyy}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL.02100’] = ‘January February March April May June July August September October November December’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI_LOCALIZED.00521’] = ‘NO’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.LONG’] = ‘{0} {1} {2} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL_HIJRI.02100’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’al-Awwal,RabÄ«Ê¿’ath-ThānÄ«,Jumādā’al-Ūlā,Jumādā’ath-Thāniya,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_NAME.03169’] = ‘ARIAL.TTF’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.WORK_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘JOB_TITLE DEPARTMENT COMPANY B_PHONE_1 B_PHONE_2 B_FAX’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GREETING’] = ‘Welcome, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT.00520’] = ‘Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_SIZE.03168’] = ‘8’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.thousands_sep’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_WEEK.03256’] = ‘ddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.AM_PM.00522’] = ‘AM PM’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DATE_ORDER.00519’] = ‘MDY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.PHONE_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘H_PHONE_1 H_PHONE_2 H_FAX M_PHONE’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_MIN.02099’] = ‘Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.24HR_SUPPORT.03208’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_PATH.03170’] = ‘C:/WINNT/Fonts’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.FIRST_DAY_OF_WEEK.03207’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.WINDOWS_CHARSET’] = ‘ISO-8859-1’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT_HIJRI.00520’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’I,RabÄ«Ê¿’II,Jumādā’I,Jumādā’II,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.LINUX_CHARSET’] = ‘iso88591’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_CHARACTER.03253’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_CHARACTER.03254’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN_ORDER’] = ‘title,givenName,middleName,familyName,suffix,otherName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_DAY.03258’] = ‘dddd, MMM d, yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.decimal_point’] = ‘.’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAYS.00521′] = ’01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_FULL.02098’] = ‘Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.date_display_pattern’] = ‘MM/DD/YY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.EXTENDED_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘thousand.sep.format’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI.00521’] = ‘0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.ADDRESS_ORDER.07832’] = ‘street,city,region,postal_code,country’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_DAY.03257’] = ‘dddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getString = i18n_get_string; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getFormattedString = i18n_get_formatted_string; } _init_bundle_LOCALE_SETTINGS(); var LOCALE_SETTINGS = new Object(); function _init_bundle_LOCALE_SETTINGS() { LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.ADDRESS_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘STREET_1 STREET_2 CITY STATE ZIP_CODE COUNTRY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.exponent’] = ‘eE’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.YEAR_CHARACTER.03255’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN.2’] = ‘{1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_MONTH.03255’] = ‘ddd’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.SOLARIS_CHARSET’] = ‘ISO8859-1’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN.1’] = ‘{0}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.internal_date_format’] = ‘MM/dd/yy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_MONTH.03259’] = ‘MMMM yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.TIME_ORDER.00519’] = ‘HMP’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘float.format’] = ‘^(([0-9]{1,3}(\,[0-9]{3})*)|[0-9]*)(\.[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.SORT_COLUMN’] = ‘familyName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT’] = ‘{1} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_SHORT.02097’] = ‘SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘float.allow.negative.format’] = ‘^((([-]?[0-9]{1,3}(\,[0-9]{3})*)|[-]?[0-9]*)(\.[0-9]+)?|\.[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TYPE’] = ‘GREGORIAN’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GIVEN_INITIAL_FAMILY_NAME’] = ‘{4} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘efloat.format’] = ‘^[+-]?[0-9]*(\.[0-9]+)?([eE][+-]?[0-9]+)?$’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_WEEK.03260’] = ‘MMM d[ yyyy]{ ‘—'[ MMM] d yyyy}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL.02100’] = ‘January February March April May June July August September October November December’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI_LOCALIZED.00521’] = ‘NO’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.LONG’] = ‘{0} {1} {2} {3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_FULL_HIJRI.02100’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’al-Awwal,RabÄ«Ê¿’ath-ThānÄ«,Jumādā’al-Ūlā,Jumādā’ath-Thāniya,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_NAME.03169’] = ‘ARIAL.TTF’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.WORK_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘JOB_TITLE DEPARTMENT COMPANY B_PHONE_1 B_PHONE_2 B_FAX’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.GREETING’] = ‘Welcome, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT.00520’] = ‘Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_SIZE.03168’] = ‘8’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.thousands_sep’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_WEEK.03256’] = ‘ddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.AM_PM.00522’] = ‘AM PM’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DATE_ORDER.00519’] = ‘MDY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.PHONE_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘H_PHONE_1 H_PHONE_2 H_FAX M_PHONE’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_MIN.02099’] = ‘Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.24HR_SUPPORT.03208’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_PATH.03170’] = ‘C:/WINNT/Fonts’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.FIRST_DAY_OF_WEEK.03207’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.WINDOWS_CHARSET’] = ‘ISO-8859-1’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT_HIJRI.00520’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’I,RabÄ«Ê¿’II,Jumādā’I,Jumādā’II,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.LINUX_CHARSET’] = ‘iso88591’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_CHARACTER.03253’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_CHARACTER.03254’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN_ORDER’] = ‘title,givenName,middleName,familyName,suffix,otherName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_DAY.03258’] = ‘dddd, MMM d, yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.decimal_point’] = ‘.’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAYS.00521′] = ’01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_FULL.02098’] = ‘Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.date_display_pattern’] = ‘MM/DD/YY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.EXTENDED_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘thousand.sep.format’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI.00521’] = ‘0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.ADDRESS_ORDER.07832’] = ‘street,city,region,postal_code,country’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_DAY.03257’] = ‘dddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getString = i18n_get_string; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getFormattedString = i18n_get_formatted_string; } _init_bundle_LOCALE_SETTINGS();
Rubric Detail
Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.
ContentName: NURS_6551_Week1_Discussion_Rubric

Grid ViewList View Outstanding Performance Excellent Performance Competent Performance Proficient Performance Room for Improvement Main Posting:
Response to the discussion question is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 44 (44%) – 44 (44%)

Thoroughly responds to the discussion question(s)
is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.
supported by at least 3 current, credible sources
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 40 (40%) – 43 (43%)

Responds to the discussion question(s)
is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth
supported by at least 3 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 35 (35%) – 39 (39%)

Responds to most of the discussion question(s)
is somewhat reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
50% of post has exceptional depth and breadth
supported by at least 3 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 31 (31%) – 34 (34%)

Responds to some of the discussion question(s)
one to two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed
is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis
somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
post is cited with fewer than 2 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 30 (30%)

Does not respond to the discussion question(s)
lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria
lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis
does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
contains only 1 or no credible references
Feedback: Main Posting:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Written clearly and concisely
Contains no grammatical or spelling errors
Fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Written clearly and concisely
May contain one or no grammatical or spelling error
Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Written concisely
May contain one to two grammatical or spelling error
Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Written somewhat concisely
May contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors
Contains some APA formatting errors
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Not written clearly or concisely
Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors
Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Main Posting:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 10 (10%) – 10 (10%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
posts main discussion by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback: First Response:
Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
responds to questions posed by faculty
the use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 8.5 (8.5%) – 8.5 (8.5%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 7.5 (7.5%) – 8 (8%)

Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 6.5 (6.5%) – 7 (7%)

Response is on topic, may have some depth
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)

Response may not be on topic, lacks depth
Feedback: First Response:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are fully answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are mostly answered if posed
Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources
Response is written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication
Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered if posed
Few or no credible sources are cited
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective
Response to faculty questions are missing
No credible sources are cited
Feedback: First Response:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
posts by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback: Second Response:
Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings * responds to questions posed by faculty
the use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 8.5 (8.5%) – 8.5 (8.5%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 7.5 (7.5%) – 8 (8%)

Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 6.5 (6.5%) – 7 (7%)

Response is on topic, may have some depth
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)

Response may not be on topic, lacks depth
Feedback: Second Response:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are fully answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are mostly answered if posed
Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources
Response is written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication
Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered if posed
Few or no credible sources are cited
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective
Response to faculty questions are missing
No credible sources are cited
Feedback: Second Response:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
Posts by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback:
Show DescriptionsShow Feedback
Main Posting:
Response to the discussion question is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.–Levels of Achievement:Outstanding Performance44 (44%) – 44 (44%)
Thoroughly responds to the discussion question(s)
is refle

THIS QUESTION HAS BEEN ANSWERED BY OUR WRITERS


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Weekly Discusssion Post _Post An Explanation Of The Women’S Health Issue You Selected, Including The Impact Of Political, Social, And Sociocultural Factors On This Issue. Explain How Personal Perceptions Of Providers Might Influence Their Ability Or Willi

Discussion: Political, Social, and Sociocultural Influences on Women’s Health
As an advanced practice nurse, you must remain current on health issues that commonly impact women such as birth control, abortion, family planning, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Many of these women’s health issues are heavily influenced by political, social, and sociocultural factors. These influences might not only affect a woman’s ability or desire to receive care, but also a provider’s ability or willingness to offer care. How might political, social, and sociocultural factors influence your personal perceptions of these women’s health issues?
To prepare:
· Review this week’s media presentation, as well as Chapter 1 of the Schuiling and Likis text.
· Select and research one of the following women’s health issues: birth control, abortion, family planning, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in women, or another issue approved by the course Instructor.
· Consider the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on the women’s health issue you selected.
· Reflect on how the personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
By Day 3
Post an explanation of the women’s health issue you selected, including the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on this issue. Explain how personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.
By Day 6
Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected different issues than you did. Based on your personal and/or professional experiences, expand on your colleagues’ postings by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives
Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit!
Discussion: Political, Social, and Sociocultural Influences on Women’s Health
As an advanced practice nurse, you must remain current on health issues that commonly impact women such as birth control, abortion, family planning, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Many of these women’s health issues are heavily influenced by political, social, and sociocultural factors. These influences might not only affect a woman’s ability or desire to receive care, but also a provider’s ability or willingness to offer care. How might political, social, and sociocultural factors influence your personal perceptions of these women’s health issues?
To prepare:
· Review this week’s media presentation, as well as Chapter 1 of the Schuiling and Likis text.
· Select and research one of the following women’s health issues: birth control, abortion, family planning, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in women, or another issue approved by the course Instructor.
· Consider the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on the women’s health issue you selected.
· Reflect on how the personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
By Day 3
Post an explanation of the women’s health issue you selected, including the impact of political, social, and sociocultural factors on this issue. Explain how personal perceptions of providers might influence their ability or willingness to care for women in relation to this issue.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.
By Day 6
Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected different issues than you did. Based on your personal and/or professional experiences, expand on your colleagues’ postings by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives
Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit!

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LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.SHORT_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}, {1}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.AM_PM.00522’] = ‘AM PM’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DATE_ORDER.00519’] = ‘MDY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.PHONE_FIELD_ORDER’] = ‘H_PHONE_1 H_PHONE_2 H_FAX M_PHONE’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_MIN.02099’] = ‘Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.24HR_SUPPORT.03208’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.REPORT_FONT_PATH.03170’] = ‘C:/WINNT/Fonts’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.FIRST_DAY_OF_WEEK.03207’] = ‘0’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.WINDOWS_CHARSET’] = ‘ISO-8859-1’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_SHORT_HIJRI.00520’] = ‘Muḥarram,á¹¢afar,RabÄ«Ê¿’I,RabÄ«Ê¿’II,Jumādā’I,Jumādā’II,Rajab,ShaÊ¿bān,Ramaḍān,Shawwāl,DhÅ«’al-QaÊ¿da,DhÅ«’al-Ḥijja’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘BBI18N.LINUX_CHARSET’] = ‘iso88591’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_CHARACTER.03253’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.MONTH_CHARACTER.03254’] = ”; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NAME.COLUMN_ORDER’] = ‘title,givenName,middleName,familyName,suffix,otherName’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_TITLE_FORMAT_DAY.03258’] = ‘dddd, MMM d, yyyy’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘number_format.decimal_point’] = ‘.’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAYS.00521′] = ’01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.DAY_FULL.02098’] = ‘Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.date_display_pattern’] = ‘MM/DD/YY’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.EXTENDED_SURNAME’] = ‘{3}’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘thousand.sep.format’] = ‘,’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.NUMBERS_HIJRI.00521’] = ‘0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.ADDRESS_ORDER.07832’] = ‘street,city,region,postal_code,country’; LOCALE_SETTINGS[‘LOCALE_SETTINGS.CALENDAR_COLUMN_FORMAT_DAY.03257’] = ‘dddd M/d’; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getString = i18n_get_string; LOCALE_SETTINGS.getFormattedString = i18n_get_formatted_string; } _init_bundle_LOCALE_SETTINGS();
Rubric Detail
Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.
ContentName: NURS_6551_Week1_Discussion_Rubric

Grid ViewList View Outstanding Performance Excellent Performance Competent Performance Proficient Performance Room for Improvement Main Posting:
Response to the discussion question is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 44 (44%) – 44 (44%)

Thoroughly responds to the discussion question(s)
is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.
supported by at least 3 current, credible sources
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 40 (40%) – 43 (43%)

Responds to the discussion question(s)
is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth
supported by at least 3 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 35 (35%) – 39 (39%)

Responds to most of the discussion question(s)
is somewhat reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
50% of post has exceptional depth and breadth
supported by at least 3 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 31 (31%) – 34 (34%)

Responds to some of the discussion question(s)
one to two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed
is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis
somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
post is cited with fewer than 2 credible references
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 30 (30%)

Does not respond to the discussion question(s)
lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria
lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis
does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.
contains only 1 or no credible references
Feedback: Main Posting:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Written clearly and concisely
Contains no grammatical or spelling errors
Fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Written clearly and concisely
May contain one or no grammatical or spelling error
Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Written concisely
May contain one to two grammatical or spelling error
Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Written somewhat concisely
May contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors
Contains some APA formatting errors
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Not written clearly or concisely
Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors
Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style
Feedback: Main Posting:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 10 (10%) – 10 (10%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
posts main discussion by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback: First Response:
Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
responds to questions posed by faculty
the use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 8.5 (8.5%) – 8.5 (8.5%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 7.5 (7.5%) – 8 (8%)

Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 6.5 (6.5%) – 7 (7%)

Response is on topic, may have some depth
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)

Response may not be on topic, lacks depth
Feedback: First Response:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are fully answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are mostly answered if posed
Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources
Response is written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication
Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered if posed
Few or no credible sources are cited
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective
Response to faculty questions are missing
No credible sources are cited
Feedback: First Response:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
posts by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback: Second Response:
Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources. Points:
Points Range: 9 (9%) – 9 (9%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings * responds to questions posed by faculty
the use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 8.5 (8.5%) – 8.5 (8.5%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 7.5 (7.5%) – 8 (8%)

Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 6.5 (6.5%) – 7 (7%)

Response is on topic, may have some depth
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 6 (6%)

Response may not be on topic, lacks depth
Feedback: Second Response:
Writing Points:
Points Range: 6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are fully answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5.5 (5.5%) – 5.5 (5.5%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are answered if posed
Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources
Response is effectively written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues
Response to faculty questions are mostly answered if posed
Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources
Response is written in Standard Edited English
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 4.5 (4.5%) – 4.5 (4.5%)

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication
Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered if posed
Few or no credible sources are cited
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 4 (4%)

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective
Response to faculty questions are missing
No credible sources are cited
Feedback: Second Response:
Timely and full participation Points:
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for timely and full participation
Posts by due date
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

NA
Feedback: Points:
Points Range: 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirement for full participation
Feedback:
Show DescriptionsShow Feedback
Main Posting:
Response to the discussion question is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.–Levels of Achievement:Outstanding Performance44 (44%) – 44 (44%)
Thoroughly responds to the discussion question(s)
is refle

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PHI Module 4

PART I:
Directions: The following problems ask you to evaluate hypothetical situations and/or concepts related to the reading in this module. While there are no “correct answers” for these problems, you must demonstrate a strong understanding of the concepts and lessons from this module’s reading assignment. Please provide detailed and elaborate responses to the following problems. Your responses should include examples from the reading assignments and should utilize APA guidelines. Responses that fall short of the assigned minimum page length will not earn any points.
1. Players in the popular World of Warcraft Internet game often form “guilds” or groups that join together in mutual defense and to attack other groups. One dedicated member of such a guild died (in real-life, not in the game), and the members of her guild decided to hold a memorial service for her within the game that she loved. They announced the planned memorial on a World of Warcraft open forum, and one of the members of her guild logged into her account and placed the deceased woman’s character at her favorite game site, a lake. Other game characters from her guild came by the game site to pay their respects and honor their deceased gaming friend. members of a rival guild, on learning of the planned memorial, organized a “bombing attack” on the memorial service, thus destroying many of their rivals and winning kill points. Those game players who had participated in the memorial service were outraged, and accused the rival guild of being underhanded and disrespectful. Was the attack on the memorial service unfair? Was it morally wrong? Was it a violation of the gaming social contract? Explain. Your response should be at least one half of one page in length.
2. You are a physician specializing in the treatment of kidney disease. One of your patients, Alan Durkin, is your cousin. Alan is not one of your closest friends, but – in addition to now seeing him as your patient for the last three years – you see one another at weddings and funerals and other large family gatherings maybe two or three times a year. Alan is 45, and his kidney disease has become progressively worse. his kidneys have failed to the point that he requires dialysis twice weekly, and soon his need for dialysis will increase to every other day. He can continue with dialysis for some time, and his condition is not immediately life threatening – but a successful kidney transplant would greatly improve his quality of life. Alan is on the waiting list for a kidney transplant, but because his dialysis treatments are relatively successful in purifying his blood, he is not a high-priority transplant candidate. Given the acute shortage of organs available for transplant, you know Alan will not soon receive one of the precious kidneys. But as Alan’s physician, you could fudge the data just a little bit – no one would know, and by making his condition look somewhat worse, you could easily bump him higher on the list and greatly improve his chances of receiving a transplant within the next year or so. Of course if you do that, then someone who actually is in greater need for a kidney transplant will be passed over in favor of your cousin. Should you fudge the data or not? In attempting to answer that question, which ethical perspective – Kantian, feelings-based, utilitarian, virtue, social contract, or care – is most useful to you? Your response should be at least one page in length.
3. Suppose that you are the last person on earth and you are playing darts in an otherwise deserted pub. While playing, you knowingly step over the toe line, thus performing an action that would have been considered cheating prior to this apocalypse. Have you performed an immoral action? Why or why not? Your response should be at least one half of one page in length.
4. Imagine that you are in the situation described in problem three above, only this time you have found another group of survivors. Because you are the only one who has taken an ethics class, they decide to let you come up with a new set of laws. Would you outlaw stealing? How about jaywalking (assume that this group still has cars)? Explain. Your response should be at least one page in length.
5. Come up with a list of ten rules that you would include in a social contract and why you feel they should be included. Your response should be at least one page in length.
6. Provide a summary of Edwards’ (the author of the required supplemental reading assignment for this module) argument. Your response should be at least one half of one page in length.
PART II: Essay
In a 2-3 page essay, compare and contrast Rawls’ Social Contract Theory and Gauthier’s Social Contract Theory then make an argument for why you think one is better than the other. Your essay should take the following form: an introduction where you preview your essay’s content (i.e. In this essay I will discuss ) and state your thesis statement (i.e. X is better than Y because ), a paragraph summarizing Rawls’ Social Contract Theory, a paragraph summarizing Gauthier’s Social Contract Theory, a paragraph comparing and contrasting the two, at least two paragraphs where you argue why one is better, and a conclusion. Your summarization and critiques must be original and should include examples, analogies, etc.
PART III: Journal
Please describe what aspect of this week’s lesson you found most interesting and why. What effect, if any, did it have on your moral/ ethical outlook? Your response should be at least one half of one page in length.
Directions:Please provide detailed and elaborate responses to the following questions. Your responses should include examples from the reading assignments. Each response should be at least one half of one page in length and utilize APA format.
1. What is the role of the ‘veil of ignorance’ in Rawls’s theory?
2. Define constructivism.
3. What is the ‘prisoner’s dilemma?’
4. In what ways does Gauthier’s contract approach differ from that of Rawls? In what ways are they similar? Explain.
5. Define care ethics.
6. What is a “feminine” ethic?

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