11.11 | Kevon | See below.. Paper Formatting Instructions: When you type your response in a Word document, please make sure that your document has one-inch (1″) margins on the top, bottom, and sides. Be sure that you type your first and last name in the upper left-hand corner. Under your name, place the due date (November 11, 2021). Under the due date, type the course number (HUM 110-71). Under the course number, type Professor Stephenson. Underneath my name, include the title of the paper (i.e. the question you are answering). Each of these lines should be single-spaced. Be sure that each page is numbered. “Does the Government Own Our Bodies? Overview: Stanley Milgram’s study on obedience has raised many questions beyond the ones he set out to answer. One question that has been raised in western civilizations has been the question of “self-ownership” and individual autonomy or personal freedom. In March of 2020, the question of self-ownership has been raised for many who question whether any government, under any circumstances, in a country such as the United States, can and should dictate and determine what people do with their bodies. Public health policies are predicated on the idea that individuals living in a culture and a society cannot do as they please where the health of others is concerned. If someone has a disease that could be transmitted to others, then it is assumed to be the government’s responsibility to create policies and implement practices and procedures that limit the spread of that disease, even if it means curtailing the rights and freedoms of individuals. For example, school children attending public and many private schools in most states are required by state governments to be vaccinated against infectious diseases such as measles and polio. However, each state government determines which vaccines are required for school-age children, and different states may have different requirements. In 2020, Massachusetts Governor Charles Baker made the flu shot mandatory for all school children, regardless of whether they physically attend school or take part remotely. Although exemptions vary from state to state, all school immunization laws grant exemptions to children for medical reasons; forty-five states and Washington D.C. grant religious exemptions for parents and legal guardians who have religious objections to immunizations for their children; and, currently, 15 states allow philosophical exemptions for those who object to immunizations for personal, moral, or other reasons. State governments also make laws about which groups of adults, such as healthcare workers, must be vaccinated and with what. Currently, the vaccines for the coronavirus are being made mandatory by the federal government and state governments to enter public spaces, obtain or maintain employment, attend school, and to engage in a variety of other activities that have never required vaccination. There has been considerable levels of compliance as well as resistance to these mandates that are being upheld by employers, schools, local municipalities, and public and private groups and organizations.Universal Health Insurance: An On-going Debate:For a number of years, there has been an on-going conversation in the United States about whether the U.S. should adopt universal health insurance, a form of insurance that is paid for with tax dollars and provided to all people, regardless of their ability to pay for medical treatment or insurance. In Massachusetts, in 2006, then-governor Mitt Romney and the state legislature made a state law mandating health insurance coverage for every adult resident living in the commonwealth. The state not only mandated health insurance, it also dictated what kind of health insurance each adult must purchase. Those who do not have insurance and are deemed able to afford it and those who have insurance that does not meet state requirements are assessed a financial penalty when they file their state taxes. In 2010, former President Barak Obama signed the Affordable Care Act, requiring every person living in the United States to have health insurance. Those who did not comply, who were deemed able to afford health insurance, would be forced to pay a fine when they filed their federal income taxes. In 2018, President Donald Trump repealed the “individual mandate,” which stipulated that those not in compliance with the mandate must pay a fine when they file their federal income taxes.Assignment Instructions: Choose one of the following questions below. Be sure that your response is at least one-to-two (1-2) pages long and turned in as an attachment. Use the “Attach Files” option and not the “Text” box for this assignment. When you are finished, attach your Word document in the area provided. Please do not use the “Text Submission”/”Write Submission” area to turn in this assignment:1) In the article (handout) “Does the Government Own Our Bodies,” the author Crocker poses this titular question after seeing it posed by Dr. William Anderson in The Weekly Standard. What type of “human nature” would be required in order to answer “yes” to this question? In other words, what kind of person might be inclined to believe that each individual is owned by the government under which he or she lives? Be detailed and specific.2) According to the author Crocker, “progressives” in and outside of government call for universal health insurance, which Crocker likens to “veterinary medicine,” the medical care provided to animals. Why do you think Crocker would associate health care provided by state governments or the federal government as being no different from the care provided to animals in animal hospitals by veterinarians? Be detailed and specific.3) In political philosophy, Crocker’s views would be classified as libertarian, a form of individualism, which is one of the foundational philosophical principles of he United States, despite this country’s contradictory history of slavery. In fact, the Civil War between the northern and southern states in the early 1860s settled the matter of whether any human being can actually be owned by another. The 13th Amendment to the U.S Constitution clearly stipulates that slavery is abolished and involuntary servitude is illegal, unless an individual has been tried and convicted of a crime. In fact, “American Exceptionalism”—the national qualities and characteristics that set the United States apart from other nations—means thatAmerica is the only advanced country whose founding assumption is popular sovereignty. This is a proposition that stands with hardly a seconding voice throughout the contemporary national community. Yet it is the taproot of American exceptionalism (para 2)How does universal health insurance interfere with the notion of “popular sovereignty”? What is popular sovereignty? Be detailed and specific.